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Plagiarism is the most common type of publication misconduct where one author uses another's work without permission, credit, or acknowledgment. Plagiarism has varying different levels of severity that shows whether few lines, paragraphs, pages, the full article or taken from someone's work or only the results, methods, or introduction section is taken. Similarly there can be self-plagiarism where an author reuses substantial parts of his or her own published work without providing the appropriate references.

Plagiarism takes different forms, from literal copying to paraphrasing someone's work and can include:

Verbatim Copying - Reproducing a work word for word, in whole or in part, without permission and acknowledgment of the original source.

Substantial copying -
This can include research materials, processes, tables, or equipment.

Paraphrasing - Reproducing someone else's ideas in own words without permission and acknowledgment of the original source.

Text-recycling - Reproducing portions of an author's own work in a paper, and resubmitting it for publication as an entirely new paper without proper citation.

Manipulation of images - Using images from other sources without taking care of intellectual property


CSC Journals take serious actions against authors of those papers that contain plagiarized content. If a case of plagiarism is reported after a paper is published, the journal editorial board and reviewers will conduct a preliminary investigation. If plagiarism is found, we contact author asking them to give explanations and provide material that support the originality of their research. In case of no/unsatisfactory reply from author, we directly contact author's institute and funding agencies asking them to take appropriate action.

We practice COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) guidelines and pursue cases of suspected research and publication misconduct (e.g. falsification, fabrication, plagiarism, inappropriate image manipulation, redundant publication). In such cases, the journal follow the processes set out in the COPE flowcharts available at http://publicationethics.org/resources/flowcharts.

In general, we take following actions:

  • In case of plagiarism CSC editorial office directly contact author(s) faculty Dean, R&D Dean and other respective staff members.
  • CSC Journals removes the published paper PDF from its website and disable links to full text article.
  • A term “Plagiarized Paper” is added with the paper title.
  • CSC Journals disable author account within the system and rejects all future submissions of the same author for a period of 3 years.

If you are an author and found suspected plagiarism in a published article then you should:

  • Contact editor-in-chief of the journal or CSC Journals Publication Ethics helpdesk at cscpress@cscjournals.org to submit original paper, plagiarized paper, journal name, volume issue and page number.
  • CSC editorial office/journal editorial board investigates the issue.
  • If author found guilty of plagiarism then CSC Journals contact the author of published paper and the journal/publisher to justify the reason for plagiarism.
  • In case of author/publisher response, CSC Journals shares the report with Editor-in-Chief (EiC) and make final decision and action.
  • If CSC Journals does not receive any response from the author/publisher within the given time, we contact author's Supervisor, Faculty and R&D Dean to take strict action against suspected faculty member.


If you are an author or reviewer of a journal and have a specific publication ethics query,  you should contact editor-in-chief of that journal. For all other queries please contact CSC Journals Publication Ethics helpdesk: