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Multiband Cross Dipole Antenna Based On the Triangular and Quadratic Fractal Koch Curve
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International Journal of Engineering (IJE)
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Volume:  4    Issue:  3
Pages:  201-261
Publication Date:   July 2010
ISSN (Online): 1985-2312
Pages 
201 - 209
Author(s)  
 
Published Date   
10-08-2010 
Publisher 
CSC Journals, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
Keywords   Abstract   References   Cited by   Related Articles   Collaborative Colleague
 
KEYWORDS:   cross dipole antenna, Koch curve, multiband antenna 
 
 
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This paper present the analysis and design a small size, low profile and multiband fractal cross dipole antenna. The proposed antenna design, analysis and characterization had been performed using the method of moments (MoM) technique. The new designed antenna has operating frequencies of 0.543 GHz, 2 GHz, and 6.5 GHz with acceptable bandwidth which has useful applications in communication systems. The radiation characteristics and reflection coefficient of the proposed antenna were described and simulated using 4NEC2 software package. Also, the gain of this proposed antenna is calculated and described in the three planes are XZ-plane, YZ-plane, and XY-plane, where the antenna placed in the free space. 
 
 
 
1 J. S. Hong and M. J. Lancaster, “Microsrtip Filters for RF/Microwave Applications”, New York: Wiley, 2001.
2 B. B. Mandelbrot, “The Fractal Geometry of Nature,” W.H. Freeman and company, New York, 1983.
3 X. Yang, J. Chiochetti, D. Papadopoulos and L. Susman. “Fractal Antenna Elements and Arrays”. Applied Microwave and Wireless, vol. 5, no. 11, pp. 34-46, May 1999.
4 D. L. Jaggard, “On Fractal Electrodynamics”, in H. N. Kritikos and D. L. Jaggard (eds.), Recent Advances in Electromagnetic theory, New York, Springer-Verlag, 1990, pp. 183-224.
5 D. L. Jaggard, “Fractal Electrodynamics and Modelling”, in H. L. Bertoni and L. B. Felson (eds.), Directions in Electromagnetic Wave Modelling, New York, Plenum Publishing Co., 1991, pp. 435-446.
6 D. L. Jaggard, “Fractal Electrodynamics: Wave Interactions with Discretely Self-Similar Structures”, in C. Baum and H. Kritikos (eds.), Electromagnetic Symmetry, Washington DC, Taylor and Francis Publishers, 1995, pp. 231-281.
7 D. H. Werner, “An Overview of Fractal Electrodynamics Research”, in Proceedings of the 11th Annual Review of Progress in Applied Computational Electromagnetics (ACES), Volume II, (Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, March, 1995), pp. 964-969.
8 D. L. Jaggard, “Fractal Electrodynamics: From Super Antennas to Superlattices”, in J. L. Vehel, E. Lutton, and C. Tricot (eds.), Fractals in Engineering, New York, Springer-Verlag, 1997, pp. 204-221.
9 D. Kalra, “Antenna Miniaturization Using Fractals,” M.Sc. Thesis, University of Deemed, India, 2007.
10 K. Falconer, “Fractal Geometry; Mathematical Foundations and Applications,” 2nd Edition, John Wiley and Sons Ltd., 2003.
11 Paul S. Addison, “Fractals and Chaos”, Institute of Physics Publishing. The Institute of Physics, London, 1997.
12 C. A. Balanis, “Antenna Theory: Analysis and Design”, 3rd ed., Wiley, 2005.
13 G. J. Burke and A. J. Poggio, “Numerical Electromagnetic Code (NEC)-Program description,” January, 1981, Lawrence Livermore Laboratory.
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Fawwaz Jinan Jibrael : Colleagues  
 
 
 
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