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Selection of Process Variables Used for Gas Metal Arc Welding of Low Carbon Steel Plates by Metallographical Method
Joseph Ifeanyichukwu Achebo, Raphael S. Ebhojiaye
Pages - 1 - 10     |    Revised - 31-07-2015     |    Published - 31-08-2015
Volume - 6   Issue - 1    |    Publication Date - August 2015  Table of Contents
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KEYWORDS
Brinell Hardness Number (BHN), Heat Affected Zone (HAZ), Metallography, Ultimate Tensile Strength (UTS), Weld Factor.
ABSTRACT
Many methods have been employed by various researchers to determine the quality of the weld made from either varying the welding process parameters or altering the chemical composition of the weldment by selecting an appropriate filler metal and shielding gas mixtures. This study has taken a step further, to also evaluate the quality of the welds by applying the metallographical method to select process variables used for gas metal arc welding of low carbon steel plates. An average of 64welds was obtained by varying the process variables developed by a matrix design presented in Table 1 through Table 3.

The welds were classified by a metallographical method as either very good, bad or very bad. The corresponding impact strengths were also obtained. Standard deviation of the responses was obtained and the selection criteria was established and was used to select weld sample number 56 which had the highest weld factor of 0.87, as the weld with the best microstructure, strength and quality. The mechanical properties of the selected weld showed that the UTS and BHN values conformed to those from reported literature
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Dr. Joseph Ifeanyichukwu Achebo
University of Benin - Nigeria
josephachebo@yahoo.co.uk
Mr. Raphael S. Ebhojiaye
University of Benin - Nigeria