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Deterministic Formulization of End-to-End Delay and Bandwidth Efficiency for Multicast Systems
Syed S. Rizvi, Aasia Riasat, Khaled M. Elleithy
Pages - 1 - 20     |    Revised - 30-10-2009     |    Published - 30-11-2009
Volume - 1   Issue - 1    |    Publication Date - November 2009  Table of Contents
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KEYWORDS
End-System Multicasting, IP Multicast, Overlay Networks, Bandwidth Analysis, End-to-end delay
ABSTRACT
End-System multicasting (ESM) is a promising application-layer scheme that has been recently proposed for implementing multicast routing in the application layer as a practical alternative to the IP multicasting. Moreover, ESM is an efficient application layer solution where all the multicast functionality is shifted to the end users. However, the limitation in bandwidth and the fact that the message needs to be forwarded from host-to-host using unicast connection, and consequently incrementing the end-to-end delay of the transmission process, contribute to the price to pay for this new approach. Therefore, supporting high-speed real-time applications such as live streaming multimedia, videoconferencing, distributed simulations, and multiparty games require a sound understanding of these multicasting schemes such as IP multicast and ESM and the factors that might affect the end-user requirements. In this paper, we present both the analytical and the mathematical models for formalizing the end-to-end delay and the bandwidth efficiency of both IP and ESM multicast system. For the sake of the experimental verifications of the proposed models, numerical and simulation results are presented in this paper. Finally, the proposed formulization can be used to design and implement a more robust and efficient multicast systems for the future networks
CITED BY (1)  
1 Ismael, F. E., Yusof, S. K. S., & Fisal, N. (2010). An efficient bandwidth demand estimation for delay reduction in IEEE 802.16 j mmr wimax networks. International Journal of Engineering, 3(6), 554-564.
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Mr. Syed S. Rizvi
University of Bridgeport - United States of America
srizvi@bridgeport.edu
Miss Aasia Riasat
Institute of Business Management - Pakistan
Dr. Khaled M. Elleithy
University of Bridgeport - United States of America