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Maximizing Lifetime of Homogeneous Wireless Sensor Network through Energy Efficient Clustering Method
Asfandyar Khan, Nurul Hasan, Azween Abdullah
Pages - 583 - 594     |    Revised - 08-02-2010     |    Published - 08-03-2010
Volume - 3   Issue - 6    |    Publication Date - January 2010  Table of Contents
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KEYWORDS
Wireless Sensor Network (WSN), Server node (SN) , Cluster Head (CH), Network Lifetime
ABSTRACT
The objective of this paper is to develop a mechanism to increase the lifetime of homogeneous wireless sensor networks (WSNs) through minimizing long range communication, efficient data delivery and energy balancing. Energy efficiency is a very important issue for sensor nodes which affects the lifetime of sensor networks. To achieve energy balancing and maximizing network lifetime we divided the whole network into different clusters. In cluster based architecture, the role of aggregator node is very crucial because of extra processing and long range communication. Once the aggregator node becomes non functional, it affects the whole cluster. We introduced a candidate cluster head node on the basis of node density. We proposed a modified cluster based WSN architecture by introducing a server node (SN) that is rich in terms of resources. This server node (SN) takes the responsibility of transmitting data to the base station over longer distances from the cluster head. We proposed cluster head selection algorithm based on residual energy, distance, reliability and degree of mobility. The proposed method can save overall energy consumption and extend the lifetime of the sensor network and also addresses robustness against even/uneven node deployment.
CITED BY (1)  
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Mr. Asfandyar Khan
- Malaysia
asfand43@gmail.com
Dr. Nurul Hasan
Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS - Malaysia
Dr. Azween Abdullah
Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS - Malaysia