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A Novel Mathematical Based Method for Generating Virtual Samples from a Frontal 2D Face Image for Single Training Sample Face Recognition
Reza Ebrahimpour, Masoom Nazari, Mehdi Azizi, Mahdieh Rezvan
Pages - 64 - 71     |    Revised - 31-03-2011     |    Published - 04-04-2011
Volume - 5   Issue - 1    |    Publication Date - March / April 2011  Table of Contents
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KEYWORDS
Face Recognition, Nearest Neighbor, 3D Face Model, 3D Shape, Virtual Images
ABSTRACT
This paper deals with one sample face recognition which is a new challenging problem in pattern recognition. In the proposed method, the frontal 2D face image of each person divided to some sub-regions. After computing the 3D shape of each sub-region, a fusion scheme is applied on sub-regions to create a total 3D shape for whole face image. Then, 2D face image is added to the corresponding 3D shape to construct 3D face image. Finally by rotating the 3D face image, virtual samples with different views are generated. Experimental results on ORL dataset using nearest neighbor as classifier reveal an improvement about 5% in recognition rate for one sample per person by enlarging training set using generated virtual samples. Compared with other related works, the proposed method has the following advantages: 1) only one single frontal face is required for face recognition and the outputs are virtual images with variant views for each individual 2) need only 3 key points of face (eyes and nose) 3) 3D shape estimation for generating virtual samples is fully automatic and faster than other 3D reconstruction approaches 4) it is fully mathematical with no training phase and the estimated 3D model is unique for each individual.
CITED BY (1)  
1 Huang, W., Wang, X., Li, J., & Jin, Z. (2012). A Novel Feature Extraction Method based on Collaborative Representation for Face Recognition. International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence, 1556004.
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Dr. Reza Ebrahimpour
- Iran
ebrahimpour@ipm.ir
Mr. Masoom Nazari
- Iran
innocent1364@gmail.com
Dr. Mehdi Azizi
- Iran
Dr. Mahdieh Rezvan
- Iran