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Water Sloshing in Rectangular Tanks – An Experimental Investigation & Numerical Simulation
Lyes Khezzar, Abdennour C Seibi, Afshin Goharzadeh
Pages - 174 - 184     |    Revised - 05-05-2009     |    Published - 18-05-2009
Volume - 3   Issue - 2    |    Publication Date - April 2009  Table of Contents
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KEYWORDS
water sloshing, computational fluid dynamics, flow visualization
ABSTRACT
This paper presents the steps involved in designing a test rig to study water sloshing phenomenon in a 560 x 160 x 185 mm PVC rectangular container subjected to sudden (impulsive) impact. The design encompasses the construction of the testing facility and the development of a proper data acquisition system capable of capturing the behavior of pre- and post impact water motion inside the tank. Fluid motion was recorded using a video camera for flow visualization purpose. Two water levels of 50 and 75% full as well as two driving weights of 2.5 and 4.5 kg were used. The experimental study was supplemented by a computational fluid dynamics study to mimic the fluid motion inside the tank. Examination of CFD capability to predict the behavior of the free surface of the fluid during the container initial motion and after impact is the focus of this paper. The flow fields, obtained using the numerical code, are in reasonable agreement with those from experiments. Both experimental and numerical results indicated the presence of a single traveling wave before impact, contrary to what was observed in previous studies.
CITED BY (15)  
1 Archer, P. J., & Bai, W. (2015). A new non-overlapping concept to improve the Hybrid Particle Level Set method in multi-phase fluid flows. Journal of Computational Physics, 282, 317-333.
2 Prasad, B., & Chakradhar, D. M. D. S. The study of sloshing performance in three dimensional tanks for different volume fraction of fluid with time increment step and acceleration with cfd approach.
3 Dong, C. (2015). Modeling and simulation of sloshing motion in partly filled tank.
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5 Li, H. T., Li, J., Zong, Z., & Chen, Z. (2014). Numerical studies on sloshing in rectangular tanks using a tree-based adaptive solver and experimental validation. Ocean Engineering, 82, 20-31.
6 Nema, P. K. (2014). Computational study of sloshing behavior in 3-D rectangular tank with and without baffle under Seismic Excitation (Doctoral dissertation, national institute of technology, rourkela).
7 Cunha, A., Caetano, E., & Ribeiro, P. Minimising the sloshing impact in membrane LNG tank using a baffle.
8 Ambade, R., & Kale, R. CFD Analysis of Sloshing Within Tank.
9 Vehículos, e. l. e., la, c. m. p., & de vuelco, d. d. u. ingenieros industriales.
10 Threepopnartkul, K., & Suvanjumrat, C. development and validation of C ++ object-oriented way ? the CFD to simulate a spill of fluids in two dimensions.
11 Gaikwad Madhurar, V., & Mangulkar Madhuri, N. Comparison between Static and Dynamic Analysis of Elevated Water Tank.
12 Tryaskin, N., Tkachenko, I., Dukarskiy, A., Yakimov, V., Tryaskin, V., & Kiselev, D. (2012, January). Simulation of the Sloshing in the Prismatic Gas Tank after Impact Interaction of the Vessel with Ice Barrier. In The Twenty-second International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference. International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers.
13 Dasgupta, A. (2011). Effect of Tank Cross-Section and Longitudinal Baffles on Transient Liquid Slosh in Partly-Filled Road Tankers (Doctoral dissertation, Concordia University Montreal, Quebec, Canada).
14 Koli, G. C., & Kulkarni, V. V. (2011). Simulation of Sloshing Phenomena Using ALE Approach. Journal of Mechanics Engineering and Automation, 1(1), 53-60.
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Assistant Professor Lyes Khezzar
- United Arab Emirates
Assistant Professor Abdennour C Seibi
Petroleum Institute - United Arab Emirates
aseibi@pi.ac.ae
Dr. Afshin Goharzadeh
- United Arab Emirates