Home   >   CSC-OpenAccess Library   >    Manuscript Information
Full Text Available

This is an Open Access publication published under CSC-OpenAccess Policy.


Top researchers from over 74 countries worldwide have trusted us because of quality publications.

United States of America
United Kingdom
Saudi Arabia
Effect of Relative Proportion of Pozzolana on Compressive Strength of Concrete Under Different Curing Conditions
Shweta Goyal, Maneek Kumar, B. Bhattacharjee
Pages - 20 - 34     |    Revised - 15-02-2008     |    Published - 30-02-2008
Volume - 2   Issue - 1    |    Publication Date - February 2008  Table of Contents
strength, curing, ternary, silica fume, fly ash
In this experimental and analytic research, the effect of curing regime on various combinations of silica fume and fly ash was investigated in terms of development of compressive strength. Over 24 mixes were prepared with the water-to-binder ratios of 0.45, 0.35 and 0.25 and with differing percentage of additives used as a combination of 2 or 3 binders. The specimens were subjected to five different curing regimes ranging from continuously water cured to continuously air cured. Results show that it is economical to use a combination of silica fume and fly ash rather than using only silica fume for attaining the same strength level. Poor curing condition adversely affect the strength characteristics of pozzolanic concrete than that of OPC concrete. For silica fume concrete, it is necessary to apply water curing for the initial 7 days to explore pozzolainc activity but it is imperative to cure the fly ash concrete for an extended period to utilize its full potential.
CITED BY (5)  
1 Abd El-Aziz, M. A., & Abo-Hashema, M. A. (2013). Measured effects on engineering properties of clayey subgrade using lime–Homra stabiliser. International Journal of Pavement Engineering, 14(4), 321-332.
2 Mala, K., Mullick, A. K., Jain, K. K., & Singh, P. K. (2013). Effect of relative levels of mineral admixtures on strength of concrete with ternary cement blend. International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials, 7(3), 239-249.
3 Hussain, K., Choktaweekarn, P., Tangtermsirikul, S., Chantasorn, U., Srisansanee, C., Mosaad, M. I., ... & Tapchaisri, P. (2011). Effect of mineral admixtures on curing sensitivity of concrete. Thammasat International Journal of Science and Technology, 16(3).
4 G. Bassioni, “The Influence of Cement Composition on Superplasticizers’ Efficiency”, International Journal of Engineering (IJE), 3(6), pp. 577 – 587, January 2010.
5 Bassioni, G. (2010). The Influence of Cement Composition on Superplasticizers’ Efficiency Full text.
1 Google Scholar 
2 Academic Journals Database 
3 ScientificCommons 
4 Academic Index 
5 CiteSeerX 
6 iSEEK 
7 Socol@r  
8 ResearchGATE 
9 Libsearch 
10 Bielefeld Academic Search Engine (BASE) 
11 Scribd 
12 WorldCat 
13 SlideShare 
14 PdfSR 
16 Chinese Directory Of Open Access 
1 Bouzoubaa N, Fournier B, Malhotra V M, Golden D. Mechanical properties and durability of concrete made with high volume fly ash blended cement produced in cement plant. ACI Materials Journal, 99, (6), 2002, 560 – 567.
2 Mazloom M, Ramezanianpour A A, Brooks J J. Effect of silica fume on mechanical properties of high strength concrete. Cement and Concrete Composites, 26, 2004, 347 – 357.
3 Tan K, Pu X. Strengthening effects of finely ground fly ash, granulated blast furnace slag, and their combination. Cement and Concrete Research, 28, (12), 1998, 1819 – 1825.
4 Ozyildirum C, Halstead WJ. Improved concrete quality with combination of silica fume and fly ash. ACI materials Journal, 1994, 91 (6), 587 – 594.
5 Ferraris C F, Obla K H, Hill R. The influence of mineral admixtures on the rheology of cement paste and concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 31, 2001, 245 – 255.
6 Toutanji H, Delatte N, Aggoun S, Duval R, Danson A. Effect of supplementary cementatious materials on compressive strength and durability of short term cured concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 34, 2004, 311 – 319
7 Duval R. and Kadri E.H. Influence of silica fume on the workability and compressive strength of high performance concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 28, (4), 1998, 533 – 547.
8 Zhang X, Han J. The effect of ultra-fine admixture on the rheological property of cement paste. Cement and Concrete Research, 30, (5), 2000, 827 – 830.
9 Bagel, L. Strength and pore structure of Ternary Blended Cement Mortars Containing Blast Furnace Slag and Silica Fume. Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 28, No. 7, 1998, 1011 – 1020.
10 Langley W S, Carette G G, Malhotra V M, ‘Structural concrete incorporating high volume ASTM Class F fly ash’, ACI Materials Journal, 86, (1989), 507 – 514.
11 Poon C S, Lam L, Wong Y L. A study on high-strength concrete prepared with large volumes of low calcium fly ash. Cement and Concrete Research, 30, (3), 2000, 447 – 455.
12 Lam L, Wong Y L, Poon C S. Degree of hydration and gel/space ratio of high-volume fly ash/cement systems. Cement and Concrete Research. 30, (5), 2000, 747 – 756.
13 Chen Y, Li D, Shen J, Su J, Wu X. The influence of alkalinity on activation and microstructure of fly ash. Cement and Concrete Research, 30, (6), 2000, 881 – 886.
14 Fu X, Hou W, Yang C, Li D, Wu X. Studies on high-strength slag and fly ash compound cement. Cement and Concrete Research, 30, (8), 2000, 1239 – 1243.
15 Gopalan M K. Nucleation and pozzolanic factors in strength development of class F fly ash concrete. ACI materials Journal, 90, (2), 1993, 117 – 120.
16 Kim J K, Moon Y H, Eo S H. Compressive strength development of concrete with different curing time and temperature. Cement and Concrete Research, 28, (12), 1998, 1761 – 1773.
17 Ozer B and Qzkul M H. The influence of initial water curing on the strength development of ordinary Portland and pozzolanic cement concretes. Cement and Concrete Research, 2006, 1 – 6.
18 Manmohan D, Mehta P K. Influence of pozzolanic slag and chemical admixtures on pore-size distribution and permeability of hardened cement pastes. Cement, Concrete Aggregates, 3, (1), 1981, 63 – 67.
19 Nagataki S, Ujike I I. Air permeability of concretes mixed with fly ash and condensed silica fume. International proceedings 2nd International Conference on the use of fly ash, blast furnace slag and silica fume concrete. Madrid, 1986, 1049 – 1068.
20 Marsh B K, Day R L, Bonner D G. Pore structure characteristics affecting the permeability of cement paste containing fly ash. Cement and Concrete Research, 15, 1985, 1027 – 1038.
21 Mitsui, K. et al. Properties of High strength concrete with silica fume using high – range water reducer and other Chemical Admixtures in Concrete, Ed. V.M. Malhotra, ACI SP – 119, 1989, 79 – 97.
22 ASTM Designation C 143 – 90a, Standard test method for slump of Portland cement concrete, 1994.
23 ASTM Designation C 192 – 90a. Standard Practice for Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Laboratory, 1994.
24 BS Designation 1881: Part 116. Method for Determination of Compressive Strength of Concrete Cubes, 1983.
25 Popovics S. Effect of curing method and final moisture condition on compressive strength of concrete. ACI Journal, 83 (4), 1986, 650 – 657.
26 Hassan K E, Cabrera J G and Maliehe R S. The effect of mineral admixtures on the properties of high performance concrete. Concrete Composites, 22, 2000, 267 – 271.
27 Jaturapitakkul C, Kiattikomol K, Sata V and Leekeeratikul T. Use of ground coarse fly ash as a replacement of condensed silica fume in producing high strength concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 34, 2004, 549 – 555.
28 Langan B W, Weng K and Ward M A. Effect of silica fume and fly ash on heat of hydration of Portland cement. Cement and Concrete Research, 32, 2002, 1045 – 1051.
29 Neville, A.M. and Brooks, J.J. Concrete Technology. ELBS Edition Produced by Longman Singapore Publishers, (Pte). Ltd. 1990
30 Tan K, Gjorv O E. Performance of concrete under different curing conditions. Cement and Concrete Research, 26, 3, 1996, 355 – 361.
31 Ramezanianpour A A and Malhotra V M. Effect of curing on compressive strength, resistance to chloride ion penetration and porosity of concrete incorporating slag, fly ash or silica fume. Cement and Concrete Composites, 17, 2, 1995, 125 – 133.
32 Toutanji H A and Bayasi Z. Effect of curing procedures on properties of silica fume concrete. Cement and Concrete research, 29, 1999, 497 – 501.
33 Lam L, Wong Y L, Poon C S. Effect of fly ash and silica fume on compressive and fracture behaviour of concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 28, 2, 1998 271 – 283.
34 Yurtdas I, Peng H, Burlion N, Skoczylas F. Influence of water to cement ratio on mechanical properties of mortars submitted to drying. Cement and Concrete Research, 36, 2006, 1286 – 1293.
Mr. Shweta Goyal
- India
Mr. Maneek Kumar
- India
Mr. B. Bhattacharjee
- India