Home   >   CSC-OpenAccess Library   >    Manuscript Information
Full Text Available

(1.12MB)
This is an Open Access publication published under CSC-OpenAccess Policy.
Repeat-Frame Selection Algorithm for Frame Rate Video Transcoding
Yi-Wei Lin, Gwo-Long Li, Mei Juan Chen, Chia Hung Yeh, Shu Fen Huang
Pages - 341 - 352     |    Revised - 30-12-2009     |    Published - 31-01-2010
Volume - 3   Issue - 6    |    Publication Date - January 2010  Table of Contents
MORE INFORMATION
KEYWORDS
Video Transcoding, Frame Rate Video Transcoding, forward repeat, backward repeat
ABSTRACT
To realize frame rate transcoding, the forward frame repeat mechanism is usually adopted to compensate the skipped frames in the video decoder for end-user. However, based on our observation, it is unsuitable for repeating all skipped frames only in the forward direction and sometimes the backward repeat may achieve better results. To deal with this issue, we propose the new reference frame selection method to determine the direction of repeat-frame for skipped Predictive (P) and Bidirectional (B) frames. For P-frame, the non-zero transformed coefficients and the magnitude of motion vectors are taken into consideration to determine the use of forward or backward repeat. For B-frame, the magnitude of motion vector and its corresponding reference directions of the blocks in B-frame are selected to be the decision criteria. Experimental results show that the proposed method provides 1.34 dB and 1.31 dB PSNR improvements in average for P and B frames, respectively, compared with forward frame repeat.
CITED BY (0)  
1 Google Scholar
2 ScientificCommons
3 Academic Index
4 CiteSeerX
5 refSeek
6 iSEEK
7 Socol@r
8 ResearchGATE
9 Bielefeld Academic Search Engine (BASE)
10 OpenJ-Gate
11 Scribd
12 WorldCat
13 SlideShare
14 PDFCAST
15 PdfSR
16 Search-Docs
1 N. A. Lili and K. Fatimah. “Content modelling for human action detection via multidimensional approach”. International Journal of Image Processing, 3(1):17-30, 2009
2 F. Rohmad and Abdul Azim Abd Ghani. “Empirical evaluation of decomposition strategy for wavelet video compression”. International Journal of Image Processing, 3(1):31-54, 2009
3 Y. Tabii and R.O.H. Thami. “A framework for soccer video processing and analysis based on enhanced algorithm for dominant color extraction”. International Journal of Image Processing, 3(4):131-142, 2009
4 M.C. Chi, C.H. Yeh and M.J. Chen. “Robust region-of-interest determination based on user attention model through visual rhythm analysis”. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, 19(7):1025-1038, 2009
5 H.F. Shen, X.Y. Sun and F. Wu. “Fast H.264/MPEG-4 AVC transcoding using powerspectrum based rate-distortion optimization”. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, 18(6):746-755, 2008
6 A. Dziri, A. Diallo, M. Kieffer and P. Duhamel. “P-picture based H.264 AVC to H.264 SVC temporal transcoding”. In Proceedings of IEEE International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference, 2008
7 X. Jing, W.C. Siu, L.P. Chau and A.G. Constantinides. “Fast intra mode decision algorithm for H.263 to H.264/AVC transcoding”. In Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Neural Networks and Signal Processing, 2008
8 M. Pantoja and N. Ling. “Adaptive transform size and frame-field selection for efficient VC-1 to H.264 high profile transcoding”. In Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, 2009
9 J. Xin, C.W. Lin and M.T. Sun. “Digital video transcoding”. Proceedings of the IEEE, 93(1):84-97, 2005
10 X. Xiu, L. Zhuo and L. Shen. “A H.264 bit rate transcoding scheme based on PID controller”. In Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Communications and Information Technology, 2005
11 X.Y Wang, Y. Zhang, H.L. Li and W.L. Zhu. “Adaptive rate control for dynamic bandwidth in video transcoding”. In Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communication Systems, 2008
12 Y.M. Zhou, Y. Sun, Z.D. Feng and S.X. Sun. “New rate-complexity-quantization modeling and efficient rate control for H.264/AVC”. In Proceedings of 2008 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo, 2008
13 M.J. Chen, M.C. Chu and S.Y. Lo. “Motion vector composition algorithm for spatial scalability in compressed video”. IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics, 47(3):319- 325, 2001
14 P.Z., Y. Lu, Q. Huang and W. Gao. “Mode mapping method for H.264/AVC spatial downscaling transcoding”. In Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, 2004
15 H. Sun and Y.P. Tan. “Arbitrary downsizing video transcoding using H.26L standard”. In Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, 2003
16 H. Sun and Y.P. Tan. “Fast motion re-estimation for arbitrary downsizing video transcoding using H.264/AVC standard”. IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics, 50(3):887-894, 2004
17 M. Pantoja and N. Ling. “Transcoding with quality enhancement and irregular sampling”. In Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, 2008
18 H.Y. Shu and K. N. Ngan. “Pre- and post-shift filtering for blocking removing in downsizing transcoding”. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, 19(6):882- 886, 2009
19 X. Yu, E.H. Yang and H. Wand. “Down-sampling design in DCT domain with arbitrary ratio for image/video transcoding”. IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, 18(1):75-89, 2009
20 M.A. Bonuccelli, F. Lonetti and F. Martelli, “Temporal transcoding for mobile video communication”. In Proceedings of the 2nd Annual International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous System: Networking and Service, 2005
21 Y.H. Ho, W.R. Chen and C.W. Lin. “A rate-constrained key-frame extraction scheme for channel-aware video streaming”. In Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, 2004
22 C.T. Hsu, C.H. Yeh, C.Y. Chen and M.J. Chen. “Arbitrary frame rate transcoding through temporal and spatial complexity”. IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting, 55(4):767-775, 2009
23 J.N. Youn, M.T. Sun and C.W. Lin. “Motion vector refinement for high-performance transcoding”. IEEE Transactions on Multimedia, 1(1):30-40, 1999
24 M.J. Chen, M.C. Chu and C.W. Pan. “Efficient motion-estimation algorithm for reduced frame-rate video transcoder”. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, 12(4): 269-275, 2002
25 I.H. Shin, Y.L. Lee and H.W. Park. “Motion estimation for frame-rate reduction in H.264 transcoding”. In Proceedings of 2nd IEEE Workshop on Software Technologies for Future Embedded and Ubiquitous Systems, 2004
26 C.T. Hsu, C.H. Yeh and M.J. Chen. “Effective frame rate decision by Lagrange optimization for frame skipping video transcoding”. In Proceedings of International Symposium on Visual Computing, 2008
27 K.C. Yang, G. Dane and K. El-Maleh. “Temporal quality evaluation for enhancing compressed video”. In Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computer Communications and Networks, 2007
28 V. Chander, A. Reddy, S. Gaurav, N. Khanwalkar, M. Kakhani and S. Tapaswi. “Fast and high quality temporal transcoding architecture in the DCT domain for adaptive video content delivery”. In Proceedings of IEEE International Conference Computer Engineering and Technology, 2009
29 Joint Video Team software JM15.1 http://iphome.hhi.de/suehring/tml/download/
Mr. Yi-Wei Lin
- Taiwan
m9723030@ems.ndhu.edu.tw
Mr. Gwo-Long Li
- Taiwan
Dr. Mei Juan Chen
- Taiwan
Dr. Chia Hung Yeh
- Taiwan
Dr. Shu Fen Huang
- Taiwan