Home   >   CSC-OpenAccess Library   >    Manuscript Information
Full Text Available

This is an Open Access publication published under CSC-OpenAccess Policy.
Publications from CSC-OpenAccess Library are being accessed from over 74 countries worldwide.
Data Hiding Using Green Channel as Pixel Value Indicator
Saad Ahmed, Rabeea Jaffari, Liaquat Ali Thebo
Pages - 90 - 100     |    Revised - 30-09-2018     |    Published - 31-10-2018
Volume - 12   Issue - 3    |    Publication Date - October 2018  Table of Contents
Information Hiding, Steganography, MSB, LSB, Pixel Value Indicator.
Steganography is an art of hiding the existence of data that is it hides the secret message in the digital cover medium. This paper introduces an improved algorithm that uses pixel value indicator technique for the concealment of the secret message in most significant bits (MSBs) of the cover image. Here, Green channel serves as a pixel value indicator for hiding the secret message in 5th and 6th bits of Blue channel or Red channel of RGB cover image. If Green channel has even number of 1's, Blue channel is used for embedding the secret message otherwise Red channel is used for the embedding process. The experimental results of the proposed method are obtained using MATLAB R2017a. The experimental results obtained show that the stego-image formed is of great quality having high PSNR value and it provides good security and in distinguishability.
1 Google Scholar 
2 BibSonomy 
3 ResearchGate 
4 Scribd 
5 SlideShare 
1 Cheddad, A., Condell, J., Curran, K., & Mc Kevitt, P. (2008, March). Biometric inspired digital image steganography. In Engineering of Computer Based Systems, 2008. ECBS 2008. 15th Annual IEEE International Conference and Workshop on the (pp. 159-168). IEEE.
2 Sajedi, H., & Jamzad, M. (2008, July). Cover selection steganography method based on similarity of image blocks. In Computer and Information Technology Workshops, 2008. CIT Workshops 2008. IEEE 8th International Conference on (pp. 379-384). IEEE.
3 G. Sudha K. Thangadurai, "An analysis of LSB Based Image Steganography Techniques," in 2014 International Conference on Computer Communication and Inforatics(ICCI-2014), Coimbatore,India , 2014.
4 Ghazanfari, K., Ghaemmaghami, S., & Khosravi, S. R. (2011, November). LSB++: an improvement to LSB+ steganography. In TENCON 2011-2011 IEEE Region 10 Conference (pp. 364-368). IEEE.
5 Sharma, V. (2015, December). Two new approaches for image steganography using cryptography. In Image Information Processing (ICIIP), 2015 Third International Conference on (pp. 202-207). IEEE.
6 Nilizadeh, A., & Nilchi, A. R. N. (2016, March). A novel steganography method based on matrix pattern and LSB algorithms in RGB images. In Swarm Intelligence and Evolutionary Computation (CSIEC), 2016 1st Conference on(pp. 154-159). IEEE.
7 Chanu, Y. J., Tuithung, T., & Singh, K. M. (2012, March). A short survey on image steganography and steganalysis techniques. In Emerging trends and applications in computer science (NCETACS), 2012 3rd national conference on (pp. 52-55). IEEE.
8 Jois, A., & Tejaswini, L. (2016, March). Survey on LSB Data hiding techniques. In Wireless Communications, Signal Processing and Networking (WiSPNET), International Conference on (pp. 656-660). IEEE.
9 Ashwin, S., Ramesh, J., Kumar, S. A., & Gunavathi, K. (2012, December). Novel and secure encoding and hiding techniques using image steganography: A survey. In Emerging Trends in Electrical Engineering and Energy Management (ICETEEEM), 2012 International Conference on (pp. 171-177). IEEE.
10 Karim, S. M., Rahman, M. S., & Hossain, M. I. (2011, December). A new approach for LSB based image steganography using secret key. In Computer and Information Technology (ICCIT), 2011 14th International Conference on(pp. 286-291). IEEE.
11 Gupta, K., & Sharma, M. (2014, November). Signature hiding standard: Hiding binary image into RGB based image. In Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference on Information and Communication Technology for Competitive Strategies (p. 71). ACM.
12 Zhou, X., Gong, W., Fu, W., & Jin, L. (2016, June). An improved method for LSB based color image steganography combined with cryptography. In Computer and Information Science (ICIS), 2016 IEEE/ACIS 15th International Conference on (pp. 1-4). IEEE.
13 Islam, A. U., Khalid, F., Shah, M., Khan, Z., Mahmood, T., Khan, A., Naeem, M. (2016, August). An improved image steganography technique based on MSB using bit differencing. In Innovative Computing Technology (INTECH), 2016 Sixth International Conference on (pp. 265-269). IEEE.
14 Sathisha, N., Madhusudan, G. N., Bharathesh, S., Babu, K. S., Raja, K. B., & Venugopal, K. R. (2010, July). Chaos based spatial domain steganography using MSB. In Industrial and Information Systems (ICIIS), 2010 International Conference on(pp. 177-182). IEEE.
15 Dhannoon, B. N. (2013). An Indirect MSB Data Hiding Technique. Life Science Journal, 10(11s).
16 Gupta, P. K., Roy, R., & Changder, S. (2014, January). A secure image steganography technique with moderately higher significant bit embedding. In Computer Communication and Informatics (ICCCI), 2014 International Conference on (pp. 1-6). IEEE.
17 Puteaux, P., Trinel, D., & Puech, W. (2016, December). High-capacity data hiding in encrypted images using MSB prediction. In Image Processing Theory Tools and Applications (IPTA), 2016 6th International Conference on (pp. 1-6). IEEE.
18 Mahjabin, T., Hossain, S. M., & Haque, M. S. (2012, December). A block based data hiding method in images using pixel value differencing and LSB substitution method. In Computer and Information Technology (ICCIT), 2012 15th International Conference on (pp. 168-172). IEEE.
19 Kaur, S., Bansal, S., & Bansal, R. K. (2014, March). Steganography and classification of image steganography techniques. In Computing for Sustainable Global Development (INDIACom), 2014 International Conference on (pp. 870-875). IEEE.
20 Sharma, A., Poriye, M., & Kumar, V. (2017). A Review of Image Steganography Techniques: Development Trends to Enhance Performance. International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science, 8(5).
21 Y. Yalman, F. Akar, and I. Erturk, "An image interpolation based reversible data hiding method using R-weighted coding," IEEE 13th International Conference on Computational Science and Engineering, pp. 346-350, 2010
22 Sharma, Aditi, Monika Poriye, and Vinod Kumar. "A Secure Steganography Technique Using MSB." International Journal of Emerging Research in Management and Technology 6.6 (2018): 208-214.
23 Mandal Ashish Kumar and M N M Kahar, "Variant of LSB Steganography Algorithm for Hiding Information in RGB Images", International Journal of Signal Processing, Image Processing and Pattern Recognition, pp. 35-48, 2017.
24 Mandal, J. K., and Debashis Das. "Colour image steganography based on pixel value differencing in spatial domain." International journal of information sciences and techniques 2.4 (2012).
25 Islam, Md Olioul. "A high embedding capacity image steganography using stream builder and parity checker." Computer and Information Technology (ICCIT), 2012 15th International Conference on. IEEE, 2012.
26 Lin, Guo-Shiang, Yi-Ting Chang, and Wen-Nung Lie. "A framework of enhancing image steganography with picture quality optimization and anti-steganalysis based on simulated annealing algorithm." IEEE Transactions on Multimedia 12.5 (2010): 345-357.
27 Abduallah, Wafaa Mustafa, Abdul Monem S. Rahma, and Al-Sakib Khan Pathan. "Mix column transform based on irreducible polynomial mathematics for color image steganography: A novel approach." Computers & Electrical Engineering 40.4 (2014): 1390-1404.
Mr. Saad Ahmed
Computer systems engineering, Mehran university of engineering and technology, Jamshoro, Pakistan - Pakistan
Miss Rabeea Jaffari
Mehran university of engineering and technology, Jamshoro - Pakistan
Mr. Liaquat Ali Thebo
Computer systems engineering, Mehran university of engineering and technology, Jamshoro - Pakistan