Home   >   CSC-OpenAccess Library   >    Manuscript Information
Full Text Available

(444.58KB)
This is an Open Access publication published under CSC-OpenAccess Policy.
Workplace Environment Characteristics as Antecedents of Affective Well-being in the Workplace
Waratta Authayarat, Hiroyuki Umemuro
Pages - 307 - 324     |    Revised - 15-11-2012     |    Published - 31-12-2012
Volume - 3   Issue - 6    |    Publication Date - December 2012  Table of Contents
MORE INFORMATION
KEYWORDS
Workplace Environment, Antecedents, Affective Well-being, Affective Experience
ABSTRACT
Workplace environment characteristics may positively or negatively evoke an individual’s affective experiences, and these experiences can influence affective experiences of others. This study investigates the relations between employees’ affective experiences and workplace environment characteristics. A questionnaire-based investigation was conducted with employees in Thai companies. Participants were asked to evaluate various aspects of their own workplace environments and their affective well-being at work. A factor analysis revealed eight workplace environment factors that contribute to the overall affective experiences of employees. These eight factors were confirmed to significantly correlate with overall affective well-being and its five sub-dimensions. With t-test analysis, this study also found gender differences in the perceptions of affective well-being at work and workplace environment characteristics. Finally, regression analyses showed that seven workplace environment factors, job goodness, less conflict, autonomy, camaraderie, authentic leadership, fitness, role clarity, as well as positive and negative personality traits are significant predictors of affective well-being in the workplace.
CITED BY (2)  
1 Smith, S. D. (2016). Factors that Motivate Faculty to Pursue External Funding at a 4-Year Public Institution of Higher Education.
2 Dubé, M. E. (2014). Les réactions affectives à un évènement corporatif et les attitudes au travail.
1 CiteSeerX
2 Scribd
3 SlideShare
4 PdfSR
1 V. González-Romá, J. M. Peiró, M. Subirats, and M. A. Mañas. “The validity of affective work team climates,” in Innovative theories, tools, and practices in work and organizational Psychology, 1st ed., M. Vartiainen, E. Avallone, & N. Anderson, Eds. Gottingen Germany:Hogrefe & Huber Publishers, 2000, pp. 97–107.
2 S. Hareli and A. Rafaeli. “Emotion cycles: On the social influence of emotion in organizations.” Reviews of Organizational Behavior, Vol. 28, pp. 35–59, 2008.
3 A. P. Brief and H. M. Weiss. “Organizational behavior: Affect in the Workplace.” Annual Review Psychology, Vol. 53, pp. 279–307, 2002.
4 C. D. Fisher. “Happiness at work.” International Journal of Management Reviews, Vol. 12, pp.384–412, 2010.
5 N. Gamero, V. González-Romá, and J. M. Peiró. “The influence of intra-team conflict on work teams’ affective climate: A longitudinal study.” Journal of Occupational and Organizational psychology, Vol. 81, pp. 47–69, 2008.
6 J. M. George. “Personality, affect, and behavior in groups.” Journal of Applied Psychology,Vol. 75, pp. 107–116, 1990.
7 S. G. Barsade. “The ripple effect: emotional contagion and its influence on group behavior.”Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol. 47, pp. 644–675, 2002.
8 J. E. Bono and R. Ilies. “Charisma, positive emotions and mood contagion.” Leadership Quarterly, Vol. 17, pp. 317–334, 2006.
9 B. L. Fredrickson. “The value of positive emotions.” American Scientist, Vol. 91, pp. 330–335,2003.
10 S. G. Barsade, A. J. Ward, J. D. E. Turner, and J. A. Sonnenfeld. “To your heart’s content: A model of affective diversity in top management teams.” Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol.45, pp. 802–836, 2000.
11 J. M. George and A. P. Brief. “Feeling good-doing good: A conceptual analysis of the mood at work-organizational spontaneity relationship.” Psychological Bulletin, Vol. 112, pp. 310–329,1992.
12 L. R. Brody and J. A. Hall. “Gender and emotion in context.” in Handbook of emotion, 3rd ed.,M. Lewis, J. M. Haviland-Jones, L. F. Barrett, Eds. New York: The Guilford Press, 2010,pp.395–408.
13 R. W. Simon and L. E. Nath. “Gender and emotion in the United States: Do men and women differ in self-reports of feelings and expressive behavior?.” American Journal of Sociology,Vol. 109, pp. 1137-1176, 2004.
14 R. W. Doherty. “The emotional contagion scale: A measure of individual differences.” Journal of Nonverbal behavior, Vol. 21, pp. 131–154, 1997.
15 A. M. Kring. “Gender and anger.” in Gender and emotion: Social psychological perspectives,A. H. Fischer, Ed. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2000, pp. 211–231.
16 I. Levin and J. P. Stokes. “Dispositional approach to job satisfaction: Role of negative affectivity.” Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 74, pp. 752–758, 1989.
17 P. Steel, J. Schmidt, and J. Shultz. “Refining the relationship between personality and subjective well-being.” Psychological Bulletin, Vol. 134, pp. 138–161, 2008.
18 S. Lyubomirsky. “Why are some people happier than others? The role of cognitive and motivational processes in well-being.” American Psychologist, Vol. 56, pp. 239–249, 2001.
19 S. Lyubomirsky and L. Ross. “Hedonic consequences of social comparison: a contrast of happy and unhappy people.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 73, pp.1141–1157, 1997.
20 J. Schaubroeck, D. C. Ganster, and M. L. Fox. “Dispositional affect and work-related stress.”Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 77(3), pp. 322–335, 1992.
21 C. K. W. De Dreu and L. R. Weingart. “Task versus relationship conflict, team performance, and team member satisfaction: A meta-analysis.” Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 88(4),pp. 741–749, 2003.
22 K. A. Jehn. “A multimethod examination of the benefits and detriments of intragroup conflict.”Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol. 40, pp. 256–282, 1995.
23 J. R. Kelly and S. G. Barsade. “Mood and emotions in small groups and work teams.”Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Vol. 86, pp. 99–130, 2001.
24 D. M. Schweiger, W. R. Sandberg, and J. W. Ragan. “Group approaches for improving strategic decision making: A comparative analysis of dialectical inquiry, devil’s advocacy, and consensus.” Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 29(1), pp. 51–71, 1986.
25 K. Daniels. “Measures of five aspects of affective well-being at work.” Human Relations, Vol.53, pp. 275–294, 2000.
26 T. Kiefer. “Feeling bad: Antecedents and consequences of negative emotions in ongoing change.” Journal of Organizational Behavior, Vol. 26, pp. 875–897, 2005.
27 A. Rego and M. P. Cunha. “Authentic climates and employee happiness: Pathways to individual performance?” Journal of Business Research, Vol. 61, pp. 739–752, 2008.
28 P. Warr and G. Clapperton. The joy of work? Jobs, happiness, and you. New York:Routledge, 2010.
29 E. L. Deci and R. M. Ryan. “The general causality orientations scale: Self-determination in personality.” Journal of Research in Personality, Vol. 19, pp. 109–134, 1985.
30 M. Gagné and D. Bhave. “Autonomy in the workplace: An essential ingredient to employee engagement and well-being in every culture.” in Human autonomy in cross-cultural context:Perspectives on the psychology of agency, freedom, and well-being, V. I. Chirkov, R. M.Ryan, and K. M. Sheldon, Eds. Dordrecht: Springer, 2011, pp. 163–187.
31 M. Gagné and E. L. Deci. “Self-determination theory and work motivation.” Journal of Organizational Behavior, Vol. 26, pp. 331–362, 2005.
32 R. M. Ryan, V. Huta, and E. L. Deci. “Living well: a self-determination theory perspective on eudaimonia.” Journal of Happiness Studies, Vol. 9, pp. 139–170, 2008.
33 E. L. Deci, J. P. Connell, and R. M. Ryan. “Self-determination in a work organization.” Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 74(4), pp. 580–590, 1989.
34 L. A. James and L. R. James. “Integrating work environment perceptions: Explorations into the measurement of meaning.” Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 74, pp. 739–751, 1989.
35 R. Dawis and L. H. Lofquist. A psychological theory of work adjustment: An individualdifferences model and its applications. Minneapolis, MN: The University of Minnesota, 1984.
36 D. M. Cable and J. R. Edwards. “Complementary and supplementary fit: a theorectical and empirical integration.” Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 5, pp. 822–834, 2004.
37 J. R. Edwards. “Person-job fit: a conceptual integration, literature review, and methodological critique.” in International review of industrial and organizational psychology, Vol. 6, C. L.Cooper and I. T. Robertson, Eds. New York: Wiley, 1991, pp. 283–357.
38 J. W. Westerman and L. A. Cyr. “An integrative analysis of person-organization fit theories.”International Journal of Selection and Assessment, vol. 12(3), pp. 252–261, 2004.
39 R. Ilies, F. P. Morgeson, J. D. Nahrgang. “Authentic leadership and eudaemonic well-being.”Leadership Quarterly, Vol. 16, pp. 373–394, 2005.
40 Z. Aycan and M. Eskin. “Relative contributions of childcare, spousal support, and organizational support in reducing work-family conflict for men and women: the case of Turkey.” Sex Roles, Vol. 53(7/8), pp. 453–471, 2005.
41 O. Herrbach and K. Mignonac. “How organizational image affects employee attitudes.”Human Resource Management Journal, Vol. 14(4), pp. 76–88, 2004.
42 R. P. Vecchio. “Negative emotion in the workplace: Employee jealousy and envy.”International Journal of Stress Management, Vol. 7(3), pp. 161–179, 2000.
43 J. M. George. “Emotions and leadership: The role of emotional intelligence.” Human Relations, Vol. 53, pp. 1027–1055, 2000.
44 N. M. Dasborough and N. M. Ashkanasy. “Emotion and attribution of intentionality in leadermember relationships.” The Leadership Quarterly, Vol. 13, pp. 615–634, 2002.
45 L. Q. Yang, H. S. Che, and P. E. Spector. “Job stress and well-being: an examination from the view of person-environment fit.” Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology,Vol. 81, pp. 567–587, 2008.
46 M. Csikszentmihalyi. Flow. New York: HarperCollins, 1991.
47 W. A. Kahn. “Psychological conditions of personal engagement and disengagement at work.”Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 33(4), pp. 692–724, 1990.
48 J. K. Harter and N. Blacksmith. “Employee engagement and the psychology of joining,staying in, and leaving organizations.” in Oxford handbook of positive psychology and work,P. A. Linley, S. Harrington, and N. Garcea, Eds. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010,pp. 121–130.
49 E. Diener and E. M. Suh. “National differences in subjective well-being.” in Well-being the foundations of hedonic psychology, D. Kahneman, E. Diener, and N. Schwartz, Eds. New York: Russell-Sage, 1999, pp. 434–450.
50 R. T. Keller. “Role conflict and ambiguity: Correlates with job satisfaction and values.”Personnel Psychology, Vol. 28, pp. 57–64, 1975.
51 A. Koustelios, N. Theodorakis, and D. Goulimaris. “Role ambiguity, role conflict and job satisfaction among physical education teachers in Greece.” International Journal of Educational Management, Vol. 18(2), pp. 87–92, 2004.
52 M. Siegall. “Putting the stress back into role stress: Improving the measurement of role conflict and role ambiguity.” Journal of Managerial Psychology, Vol. 15(5), pp. 427–439,1999.
53 P. P. Shah and K. A. Jehn. “Do friends perform better than acquaintances? The interaction of friendship, conflict, and task.” Group Decision and Negotiation, Vol. 2, pp. 149–165, 1993.
54 J. R. Hackman and G. R. Oldham. “Development of the job diagnostic survey.” Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 60, pp. 159–170, 1975.
55 A. P. Jones and L. R. James. “Psychological climate: Dimensions and relationships of individual and aggregated work environment perceptions.” Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, Vol. 23, pp. 201–250, 1979.
56 D. Watson, L. A. Clark, and A. Tellegen. “Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS scales.” Journal of Personlity and Social Psychology, Vol. 54, pp. 1063–1070, 1988.
57 J. C. Nunnally. Psychometric theory. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1978.
58 A. O. Agho, J. L. Price, and C. W. Mueller. “Discriminant validity of measures of job satisfaction, positive affectivity and negative affectivity.” Journal of Occupational Organization Psychology, Vol. 65(3), pp. 185–96, 1992.
59 R. Cropanzano, K. James, and M. A. Konovsky. “Dispositional affectivity as a predictor of work attitudes and job performance.” Journal of Organizational Behavior, Vol. 14, pp. 595–606, 1993.
60 R. M. O’Brien. “A coution regarding rules of thumb for variance inflation factors.” Quality & Quantity, Vol. 41, pp. 673-690, 2007.
61 A. R. Hochschild. The managed heart. California, CA: University of California Press, 1983.
62 C. D. Ryff. and C. L. M. Keyes. “The structure of psychological well-being revisited.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 69(4), pp. 719–727, 1995.
Miss Waratta Authayarat
Tokyo Institute of Technology - Japan
authayarat.w.aa@m.titech.ac.jp
Professor Hiroyuki Umemuro
Tokyo Institute of Technology - Japan