Home   >   CSC-OpenAccess Library   >    Manuscript Information
Full Text Available

(575.61KB)
This is an Open Access publication published under CSC-OpenAccess Policy.
Publications from CSC-OpenAccess Library are being accessed from over 74 countries worldwide.
Stakeholder Roles In Improving Occupational Health and Safety (OHS): A Case Study of Bangladesh Garment Industry
Nilima Mausumi
Pages - 51 - 61     |    Revised - 30-06-2017     |    Published - 01-08-2017
Volume - 8   Issue - 3    |    Publication Date - August 2017  Table of Contents
MORE INFORMATION
KEYWORDS
RMG Sector, Stakeholders' Roles, CSR, OHS, Workers Safety and Working Conditions.
ABSTRACT
Deplorable working environment raised public scrutiny in many developing countries of the world. To Ensure social responsibilities of business, worker rights, safe working environment in the factories, different stakeholder groups work together to do business uninterruptedly in many sectors including garment industry. The article presents a conceptualization of stakeholder theory on Occupational Health and Safety in the Bangladesh Ready-made Garment Industry (RMG) that emphasizes the role and possible contribution of the stakeholders. The paper finds that establishing good relationship between owners and workers, ensuring good governance, building brighter image of the sector to the world, and taking sustainable reform initiatives are main challenges facing the Bangladesh RMG sector in improving the current working environment. Stakeholders can contribute significantly to improve the situation. It is found that government and garment owners can play prime roles while other stakeholders also have good space for improving safety issues from their standpoints.
1 BibSonomy 
2 Doc Player 
3 Scribd 
4 SlideShare 
1 R. E. Freeman. Strategic Management: A Stakeholder Approach. Pitman Publishing, Boston, 1984.
2 A. Main, A 2013, "After Rana Plaza: A report into the readymade garment industry in Bangladesh". Available: http://www.annemain.com/pdf/APPG_Bangladesh_Garment_Industry_Report.pdf, 2013 [30 October 2016].
3 ILO. "International labour standard on Occupational safety and health". Internet: http://www.ilo.org/global/standards/subjects-covered-by-international-labour-standards/occupational-safety-and-health/lang--en/index.htm, 2014[30 October 2016]
4 F. Butcher. "Aftermath: using research to understand the social and economic consequences of workplace injury and illness." Social Policy Journal of New Zealand, P. 181, 2004.
5 N. Islam and S. Ahmed. "Socioeconomic factors and the labor unrest in ready-made garment industry of Bangladesh". Journal of Education Research and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 3, pp. 65-74, 2014.
6 N. Ahmed and D. Nathan. (2014). "Improving wages and working conditions in the Bangladeshi garment sector: The role of horizontal and vertical relations". Capturing the Gains, 2014.
7 A. Haq , F. M. Stevenson and M. Zorzini. "Social sustainability in developing country suppliers: An exploratory study in the ready made garments industry of Bangladesh". International Journal of Operations & Production Management, vol. 34, pp. 610-638, 2014.
8 S. Knox, & S. Maklan. "Corporate Social Responsibility: Moving Beyond Investment Towards Measuring Outcomes." European Management Journal, vol. 22, pp. 508-516, 2004.
9 B. G.Alli. "Fundamental principles of Occupational Health and Safety. InternationaLabourOrganisation, Available: http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/@dgreports/@dcomm/@publ/documents/publi cation/wcms_093550.pdf, 2008 [30 October, 2014]
10 R.E. Freeman. "The politics of stakeholder theory". Business Ethics Quarterly, vol. 4, pp. 409-421, 1994.
11 D. Jamali. "A stakeholder approach to corporate social responsibility: A fresh perspective into theory and practice", Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 82, pp. 213-231, 2008.
12 I. Papasolomou-Doukakis, M. Krambis-Kapardis, and M. Katsioloudes. "Corporate social responsibility: the way forward? Maybe not! A preliminary study in Cyprus", European Business Review, Vol.17, pp. 263 - 279, 2005. tualization conceptualization of corporate.
13 S. Knox, S. Maklan, & P. French. "Corporate social responsibility: Exploring stakeholder relationships and programme reporting across leading FTSE companies", Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 61(1), pp. 7-28, 2005.
14 N.C. Smith, S. Ansett, and L. Erez. "What's at Stake? Stakeholder Engagement Strategy as the Key to Sustainable Growth", 2011.
15 A. Berg, S. Hedrich, S. Kempf, and T. Tochtermann, "Bangladesh's ready-made garments landscape: The challenge of growth, 2011 [30 October 2014].
16 N. Islam and S. Ahmed, "Socioeconomic Factors and the Labor Unrest in Ready-Made Garment Industry of Bangladesh", European Journal of Developing Country Studies, vol. 14, pp. 65-74, 2013.
17 Bangladesh Accord Foundation, "Annual report 2013", Available: http://bangladeshaccord.org/ ,2014 [30 October 2014].
18 Alliance for Bangladesh Workers Safety, "Protecting the lives and livelihood of Bangladesh's garment workers," 2014, Available: http://www.bangladeshworkersafety.org/, 2014 [30 October 2014].
19 Transparency International Bangladesh (TIB), "Readymade garment sector: Problems of good governance and way forward", 2013.
20 Transparency International Bangladesh (TIB), "Governance in the readymade garment sector: Promises and progress", 2014.
21 T. Fox, H. Ward and B. Howard. Public sector roles in strengthening Corporate social responsibility: A baseline study. Washington, DC: World Bank. 2000.
22 R. Steurer. "The role of governments in corporate social responsibility: Characterizing public policies on CSR in Europe". Policy Sciences, vol. 43, pp. 49-72, 2010.
23 M.I. Taplin. "Who is to blame? A re-examination of fast fashion after the 2013 factory disaster in Bangladesh". Critical perspectives on international business, vol. 10, pp. 72-83, 2014.
24 I. Zabin. "An Investigation of Practicing Carroll? s Pyramid of Corporate Social Responsibility in Developing Countries: An Example of Bangladesh Ready-made Garments". Journal of Business and Management (IOSR-JBM), 12(4), 75-81. 2013.
25 A.M. Islam and C. Deegan. "Motivations for an organisation within a developing country to report social responsibility information: Evidence from Bangladesh". Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal, vol. 21, pp. 850-874, 2008.
26 M. Yunus and T. Yamagata. "The garment industry in Bangladesh. Dynamics of the Garment Industry in Low-Income Countries: Experience of Asia and Africa (Interim Report)". Chousakenkyu Houkokusho, IDE-JETRO, 2012.
27 A.R. Belal and D.L. Owen. "The views of corporate managers on the current state of and future prospects for, social reporting in Bangladesh: An engagement-based study". Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal, vol. 20, pp. 472-494, 2007.
28 C.D. Ditlev-Simonsen and F. Wenstøp. "How stakeholders view stakeholders as CSR motivators". Social responsibility journal, vol. 9, pp. 137-147, 2013.
29 A. Francis. "I boycotted Primark after the tragedy of Rana Plaza for a more ethical wardrobe", The Guardian, (April 24, 2014).
30 S. Amin. "Responding to Rana Plaza: a made-in- Bangladesh boycott won't help girls", The Guardian (1 May 2014).
Miss Nilima Mausumi
Assistant Director, Bangladesh Betar, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh - Bangladesh
nil.monash14@gmail.com