Home   >   CSC-OpenAccess Library   >    Manuscript Information
Full Text Available

(452KB)
This is an Open Access publication published under CSC-OpenAccess Policy.
The Design of a Simulation for the Modeling and Analysis of Public Transportation Systems as Opportunistic Networks
Alicia Nicki Washington, Rotimi Iziduh, Jamahrae Jackson, Howard Sueing, Legand Burge, Robert Rwebangira
Pages - 173 - 180     |    Revised - 30-08-2010     |    Published - 30-10-2010
Volume - 2   Issue - 4    |    Publication Date - October 2010  Table of Contents
MORE INFORMATION
KEYWORDS
opportunistic networks, simulation, vehicular ad hoc networks
ABSTRACT
Vehicular ad-hoc networks, when combined with wireless sensor networks, are used in a variety of solutions for commercial, urban, and metropolitan areas, including emergency response, traffic, and environmental monitoring. In this work, we model buses in the Washington, DC Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) as a network of vehicular nodes equipped with wireless sensors. A simulation tool was developed, using the actual WMATA schedule, to determine performance metrics such as end-to-end packet delivery delay. In addition, a web-based front-end was developed, using the Google Maps API, to provide a user-friendly display and control of the network map, input parameters, and simulated results. This application will provide users with a simplified method for modifying network parameters to account for a number of parameters and conditions, including inclement weather, traffic congestion, and more.
CITED BY (0)  
1 Google Scholar
2 CiteSeerX
3 refSeek
4 iSEEK
5 Socol@r
6 Scribd
7 SlideShare
8 PDFCAST
9 PdfSR
1 Conan, V. et. al.“Fixed Point Opportunistic Routing in Delay Tolerant Networks”. Journal on Selected Areas in Communication: Special Issue on Delay Tolerant Networks, 26(5):773-782, 2008
2 Dias, J. et. al. “Creation of a Vehicular Delay-Tolerant Network Prototype”. In Proceedings of Engenharia - Jornadas da Universidade da Beira Interior, Covilha, Portugal, 2009
3 Doria, A., Uden, M., and Pandey, D. “Providing Connectivity to the Saami Nomadic Community”. In Proceedings of the 2 nd International Conference on Open Collaborative Design for Sustainable Innovation, Bangalore, India, 2002
4 Echelon Corporation Buses in Italy Stop for LonWorks Networks [Online]. Available at: http://www.echelon.com. [Accessed from the Echelon Networks website]
5 Eisenman, S, et. al. “Techniques for Improving Opportunistic Sensor Networking Performance”. Lecture Notes In Computer Science, 5067:157 – 175, 2008
6 Google. General Transit Feed Specification [Online]. Available at: http://code.google.com/transit/spec/transit_feed_specification.html [Accessed from the Google website]
7 Groenevelt, R., Nain, P., Koole, G. “The Message Delay in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks”. Performance 62(1-4):210-228, 2005
8 Lane, N., et. al. “Urban Sensing: Opportunistic or Participatory?” In Proceedings of the 9 th Workshop on Mobile Computing Systems and Applications, Napa Valley, CA, USA, 2008
9 Leguay, J. et. al. “Evaluating MobySpace Based Routing Strategies in Delay Tolerant Networks”. Wireless Communication and Mobile Computing, 7(10):1171-1182, 2007
10 Kohl, G. Going Mobile with Video Surveillance on Chicago’s Bus System [Online]. Available at: http://www.securityinfowatch.com/root+level/1284404 [Accessed from the Security Info Watch website]
11 ] Li, X., et. al. “DTN Routing in Vehicular Sensor Networks”. In Proceedings of IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, New Orleans, LO, USA 2008
12 Murty, Rohan., et. al. “CitySense: An Urban-Scale Wireless Sensor Network and Testbed”. In Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Technologies for Homeland Security, Waltham, MA, USA, 2008
13 Ormont, Justin., et. al. “A City-Wide Veheicular Infrastructure for Wide-area Wireless Experimentation”. In Proceedings of International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking, San Francisco, CA, USA, 2008
14 Ormont, Justin., et. al. “Continuous monitoring of wide-area wireless networks: data collection and visualization”. In Proceedings of ACM SIGMETRICS Performance Evaluation Review, 2008
15 Sede, Michel., et. al. “Routing in Large-Scale Buses Ad Hoc Networks”. In Proceedings of IEEE Wireless Networking Conference, Las Vegas, NV, USA, 2008
16 Seet, Boon-Chong., et. al. “A-STAR: A Mobile Ad Hoc Routing Strategy for Metropolis Vehicular Communications”. In Proceedings of Networking, 2004
17 Seth, A., et. al. “Low-Cost Communication for Rural Internet Kiosks Using Mechanical Backhauls”. In Proceedings of ACM MobiCom Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2006
18 Shah., R., et. al. “Data MULEs: Modeling a Three-tier Architecture for Sparse Sensor Networks”. In Proceedings of IEEE SNPA Workshop, 2003
19 Sueing, H. et. al. “The Modeling and Analysis of the Washington Metropolitan Area Bus Network”. In Proceedings of the 2010 Modeling, Simulation, and Visualization Conference, Las Vegas, NV, USA, 2010
20 Vahdat, A., and Becker, D., et. al. “Epidemic Routing for Partially-Connected Ad Hoc Networks”. Tech. Rep. CS-2000006, 2000
21 Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. Developer Resources [Online]. Available at: http://www.wmata.com/rider_tools/developer_resources.cfm [Accessed from the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority website]
22 Zhang, Z., et. al. “Routing in Intermittently Connected Mobility Ad Hoc Networks And Delay Tolerant Networks: Overview and Challenges”. IEEE Communication Surveys and Tutorials, 8(1):24-37, 2006
23 Zhang, X., et al. “Study of Bus-based Disruption-Tolerant Network: Mobility Modeling and Impact on Routing”. In Proceedings of ACM MobiCom, New York, NY, 2007
Dr. Alicia Nicki Washington
Howard University - United States of America
Mr. Rotimi Iziduh
Howard University - United States of America
riziduh@howard.edu
Mr. Jamahrae Jackson
Howard University - United States of America
Mr. Howard Sueing
Howard University - United States of America
Dr. Legand Burge
- United States of America
Dr. Robert Rwebangira
- United States of America