Home   >   CSC-OpenAccess Library   >    Manuscript Information
Full Text Available

(127.25KB)
This is an Open Access publication published under CSC-OpenAccess Policy.
Enhanced Mobile IP Handover Using Link Layer Information
Mohamed Alnas, Mahmud Mansour
Pages - 598 - 610     |    Revised - 31-01-2011     |    Published - 08-02-2011
Volume - 4   Issue - 6    |    Publication Date - January / February  Table of Contents
MORE INFORMATION
KEYWORDS
Mobile IP Handover, Link Layer Information, Fast Handover, Handover Latency, Packet Loss
ABSTRACT
The main source of the problem in Mobile handover is the latency and packet loss introduced by the lengthy registration processes. The registration messages must traverse all the way to the home agent (HA) and back. In addition, the packets sent by the corresponding node (CNs) are lost until they receive the binding update (BU) indicating the new care-of-address (nCoA) of the mobile node (MN). To reduce the number of lost packets during this time, the MN can request the old access router (oAR) to forward all its incoming packets to the new access router (nAR) Mobile IP handovers can be improved through link layer information to reduce packet loss during handovers. It avoids link disruption during Mobile IP handovers and reduces packet loss. Therefore, link layer information allows an MN to predict the loss of connectivity more quickly than the L3 advertisement based algorithm. It is the best choice used to predict a breakdown wireless link before the link is broken. This facilitates the execution of the handover and eliminates the time to detect handover.
CITED BY (1)  
1 Chellani, G., & Kalla, A. (2013). A Review: Study of Handover Performance in Mobile IP. arXiv preprint arXiv:1312.2108.
1 Google Scholar
2 Academic Journals Database
3 CiteSeerX
4 refSeek
5 iSEEK
6 Bielefeld Academic Search Engine (BASE)
7 Scribd
8 SlideShare
9 PdfSR
1 C. E. Perkins, “Mobile Networking through Mobile IP”, Internet Computing, IEEE, vol.2, pp. 58–69, 1998.
2 P. Bhagwat, C. Perkins and S. Tripathi, “Network Layer Mobility: an Architecture and Survey”, IEEE Personal Communications, vol. 3, pp. 54–64, 1996.
3 H. Balakrishnan, V. N. Padmanabhan, S. Seshan and R. H. Katz, “A Comparison of Mechanisms for Improving TCP Performance over Wireless Links”, IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, vol. 5, pp. 756–769, 1997.
4 C. Perkins (ed.), “IPv4 Mobility Support”, RFC 2002, October 1996.
5 S. Mohanty and I. F. Akyildiz, “A Cross-layer (Layer 2 + 3) Handoff Management Protocol for Next-Generation Wireless Systems”, Transactions on Mobile Computing,vol. 5, pp. 1347–1360, 2006.
6 I. F. Akyildiz, X. Jiang and S. Mohanty, “A Survey of Mobility Management in Nextgeneration All-IP-Based Wireless Systems”, IEEE Wireless Communications, vol. 11,pp. 16–28, 2004.
7 P. Venkataram, R. Rajavelsamy and S. Laxmaiah, “A Method of Data Transfer Control during Handoffs in Mobile-IP Based Multimedia Networks”, ACM SIGMOBILE Mobile Computing and Communications Review, vol. 5, no. 2, pp 27–36, April 2001.
8 I. F. Akyildiz, “Mobility Management for Next Generation Wireless Systems”,Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 87, no. 8, pp. 1347–84, August 1999.
9 M.Mansour, J.Mellor and I.Awan. “Improving handoff HMIP Scheme Using Location Information” The 3 International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies: ICCTA’ 08, Dmascus, Syria April 2008
10 M.Mansour, J.Mellor and I.Awan “Fast handoff Scheme Using Location Information"The 10th International Conference on Computer Modelling and Simulation,Cambridge, England April 2008
11 J. Puttonen, “Using Link Layer Information for Improving Vertical Handovers”, 16th International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications IEEE, 2005.
12 H. Chung-Ming, C. Meng-Shu and L. Jin-Wei, “A Link Layer Assisted Fast Handoff Scheme Using the Alternative Path Approach”, 20th International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications, 2006.
13 F. Fang and D. S. Reeves, “Explicit Proactive Handoff with Motion Prediction for Mobile IP”, 2004 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference,WCNC 2004, vol. 2, pp. 855–860, 2004.
14 S. Oh, H. Song and Y. Kim, “Seamless Fast Handover in Mobile IPv4 Using Layer-2 Triggers”, 2nd International Conference on Systems and Networks Communications,ICSNC 2007, pp. 16–16. 2007.
15 S. Thalanany, “Low Latency Handoffs in Mobile IPv4”, draft-ietf-mobileip-lowlatencyhandoffs-v4-04.txt,June 2002.
16 K. El-Malki and H. Soliman, “Fast Handoffs in Mobile IPv4”, Internet draft, draftemalki-mobileip-fast-handoffs-03.txt, September 2000.
17 S. Oh, H. Song and Y. Kim, “Seamless Fast Handover in Mobile IPv4 Using Layer-2 Triggers,” in Systems and Networks Communications, ICSNC 2007, 2nd International Conference, pp. 16-16, 2007.
18 R. Koodli and C. E. Perkins, “Mobile IPv4 Fast Handovers”, Internet draft, Internet Engineering Task Force, draft-ietf-mip4-fmip, February 2006.
19 R. Hsiehet, “S-MIP: a Seamless Handoff Architecture for Mobile IP”, Proceedings of INFOCOM 2003, March 2003.
20 G. Dommety and T. Ye, “Local and Indirect Registration for Anchoring Handoffs”,draft-dommety-mobileip-anchorhandoff-01.txt, July 2000.
21 Columbia University, Columbia IP Micro-Mobility Software,http://www.comet.columbia.edu/micromobility/.index.html.
22 G. Pollini, “Trends in Handover Design”, IEEE Communications Magazine, 34, 3, 80–90, March 1996.
23 S. Goswami, “Simultaneous Handoff of Mobile-IPv4 and 802.11”, Internet Draft, IETF,draft-goswami-mobileip-simultaneous-handoff-v4- 02.txt, February 2003
24 H. Chung-Ming, C. Meng-Shu and L. Jin-Wei, “A link layer assisted fast handoff scheme using the alternative path approach,” in Advanced Information Networking and Applications: 20th International Conference, pp. 5, 2006.
25 S. Oh, H. Song and Y. Kim, “Seamless Fast Handover in Mobile IPv4 Using Layer-2 Triggers,” in Systems and Networks Communications, ICSNC 2007, 2nd International Conference, pp. 16-16, 2007.
26 S. Aust, D. Proetel, N. A. Fikouras, C. Pampu and C. Görg, “Policy Based Mobile IP Handoff Decision (POLIMAND) Using Generic Link Layer Information”, 5th IEEE International Conference on Mobile and Wireless Communication Networks (MWCN2003), Singapore, October 2003.
27 C. Hsia, “Low-latency Mobile IP Handover Based on Active-scan Link Layer Assisted”, 2007.
Mr. Mohamed Alnas
- United Kingdom
Dr. Mahmud Mansour
- United Kingdom
mmmansour@ieee.org