Home   >   CSC-OpenAccess Library   >    Manuscript Information
Full Text Available

This is an Open Access publication published under CSC-OpenAccess Policy.
Publications from CSC-OpenAccess Library are being accessed from over 74 countries worldwide.
Development of an Efficient Computing Multilingualism Model for Diacritical Marks in Arabic and Hindi
Abu Sarwar Zamani, Nasser Al Arifi, Md. Mobin Akhtar
Pages - 356 - 367     |    Revised - 01-07-2011     |    Published - 05-08-2011
Volume - 5   Issue - 3    |    Publication Date - July / August 2011  Table of Contents
Multilingualism, Diacritical Marks, Computing, Typographic
Language competence is a cognitive property of the individual speaker. There is a wide gap between commonly voiced representations of language, person, and place and actual practices of language use, identity assertion, and spatial occupation. It is noted that the one can focus on resolving related outstanding standardization issues in support of localization and multilingual requirements. This paper investigates the Diacritical marks and various typographic rules in Hindi and Arabic which are complex in multilingual documents. A computing Multilingualism model is developed which proposed a solution to the problem of position of Diacritical Marks in Multilingual documents. The developed model is found to be an efficient tool for solving the problem of positioning diacritical marks for multilingual fonts in True Type as well as Open Type format.
1 Google Scholar 
2 Academic Journals Database 
3 CiteSeerX 
4 refSeek 
5 Libsearch 
6 Bielefeld Academic Search Engine (BASE) 
7 Scribd 
8 SlideShare 
9 PdfSR 
1 Vlad Atansiu, “Le phénomène calligraphique à l’époque du sultanat mamluk”, PhD Thesis, Paris, 2003.
2 http://a1.esa-angers.educagri.fr/informa/, February 2009.
3 Mohamed Hssini, Azzeddine Lazrek and Mohamed Jamal Benatia, “Diacritical signs in Arabic e-document”, CSPA’08, The 4th International Conference on Computer Science Practice in Arabic, Doha, Qatar, April 1-4, 2008 (in Arabic).
4 R. Nicole, “Graphite Application Programmer’s Guide”, http://www.sil.org/.
5 Mohamed Hssini and Azzeddine Lazrek,” Design and Computer Multilingualism: case of Diacritical Marks, Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Sciences, University Cadi Ayyad - Marrakech, Morocco.
6 Yannis Haralambus, “Fontes et codage”, O’Reilly, Paris, 2004.
7 J. C. Wells, “Orthographic diacritics and multilingual computing”, Language problems & language planning ISSN, 2000, vol. 24, no 3, pp. 249-272.
8 Mohamed Jamal Eddine Benatia, Mohamed Elyaakoubi, Azzeddine Lazrek, “Arabic text justification”, TUGboat, Volume 27, Number 2, pp. 137-146, 2006.
9 J. Victor Gaultney, “Problems of diacritic design for Latin script text faces”, http://www.sil.org/, December 2008.
10 H. Albaghdadi, “Korassat alkhat”, Dar Alqalam, Beirut, 1980.
11 Chapman, Christopher J., “Diacritic positioning system for digital typography”, http://www.freepatentsonline.com/WO2008018977.html, January 2009.
12 http://www.typographie.org/, January 2009.
Mr. Abu Sarwar Zamani
Shaqra University - Saudi Arabia
Professor Nasser Al Arifi
Shaqra University - Saudi Arabia
Md. Mobin Akhtar
- Saudi Arabia