Home   >   CSC-OpenAccess Library   >    Manuscript Information
Full Text Available

This is an Open Access publication published under CSC-OpenAccess Policy.
Publications from CSC-OpenAccess Library are being accessed from over 74 countries worldwide.
Analysis of Hand Anthropometric Dimensions of Male Industrial Workers of Haryana State
Arunesh Chandra, Suinder Deswal, Pankaj Chandna
Pages - 242 - 256     |    Revised - 01-07-2011     |    Published - 05-08-2011
Volume - 5   Issue - 3    |    Publication Date - July / August 2011  Table of Contents
Hand anthropometric measurements, Industrial worker, Hand tools, Prediction equation
The purpose of this paper is to analyse the thirty-seven hand anthropometric characteristics of the industrial worker of the Haryana state. A survey of convenience sample of eight hundred and seventy eight male industrial workers was conducted in the year 2009. Paper contains data from all the four divisions of Haryana state of India and from the five age groups. Minimum, maximum, mean, standard deviation, skewness, coefficient of variation, 5th, 50th, and 95th percentile for each hand anthropometric dimension were calculated for the entire state. The normality assumption was evaluated for each hand dimension, separately. It was found that in most hand dimensions there were differences between five age groups. Additionally, the statistical analysis was carried out to correlate various hand dimensions and to obtain prediction equation between different variables. It has been found that most of the hand dimensions are correlated significantly with each other. The data gathered may be used for the design of hand tools, gloves, machine access spaces and hand-held devices and for selection of hand tools for use by Industrial worker working in the Haryana state of India.
CITED BY (23)  
1 Singh, D., & Vinay, D. (2013). Gender participation in Indian agriculture: An ergonomic evaluation of occupational hazard of farm and allied activities. International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Biotechnology, 6(1), 157-168.
2 Mugisa, D. J., Katimbo, A., Sempiira, J. E., & Kisaalita, W. S. (2016). Anthropometric characteristics of female smallholder farmers of Uganda–Toward design of labor-saving tools. Applied Ergonomics, 54, 177-185.
3 Mirmohammadi, S. J., Mehrparvar, A. H., Mostaghaci, M., Davari, M. H., Bahaloo, M., & Mashtizadeh, S. (2015). Anthropometric Hand Dimensions in a Population of Iranian Male Workers in 2012. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, (just-accepted), 1-17.
4 Chandra, A., Chandna, P., Deswal, S., Mishra, R. K., & Kumar, R. StaturePrediction Model Based On Hand Anthropometry.
5 Lidiya, P. K., & Banerjee, D. (2015). Analysis on the Design of Two Wheelers in India Keeping Women Drivers in Mind.
6 Mali, S. C., & Vyavahare, R. T. An Ergonomic Evaluation of an Industrial Workstation: A Review.
7 Elshourbagy, S. A., & Alzubaidi, Y. A. (2015). Deterministic and Stochastic on Quality Services in the Education and Health Media. Procedia Manufacturing, 3, 3621-3628.
8 Bhuiyan, T. H., & Hossain, M. S. J. (2015). University hall furniture design based on anthropometry: an artificial neural network approach. International Journal of Industrial and Systems Engineering, 20(4), 469-482.
9 Bailey, C., Pemmaraju, K., Phan, M., Radhakrishnan, A., & Thomas, A. (2014). Development of Nonthermal Plasma-Assisted Hand Sanitization. Plasma Medicine, 4(1-4).
10 Bhuse, P. K., & Vyavahare, R. T. (2014). Ergonomic Evaluation of Knapsack Sprayer used in Agricultural Application. Hand, 3(8.06), 0-48.
11 Mellqvist, D. Produktutveckling av klämskydd.
12 Recommendation, c. o. (2014).faculty of engineering and technology (fet) (doctoral dissertation, jadavpur university kolkata).
13 Ljungh, H. (2014). Self-monitoring of Health: A development project with the aim to identify and develop a user-friendly medical device.
14 Purnomo, H. (2014). Pengukuran Antropometri Tangan Usia 18 Sampai 22 Tahun Kabupaten Sleman Yogyakarta.
15 Barut, C., Dogan, A., & Buyukuysal, M. C. (2014). Anthropometric aspects of hand morphology in relation to sex and to body mass in a Turkish population sample. HOMO-Journal of Comparative Human Biology, 65(4), 338-348.
16 Hanadan, I. (2014). Comparison of Static Anthropometric Characteristics among Workers of Three Iranian Ethnic Groups. Anthropologist, 18(2), 601-608.
17 ???. (2014). Plausible 3D Human Hand Modeling for Virtual Ergonomic Assessments of Handheld Product: Construction, Contact simulation and Variational Modeling.
18 Amro, A. A. (2013). A Novel Method for Estimating Anthropometrics from a Single 2D Image (Doctoral dissertation, University of Jordan).
19 Chandra, A., Chandna, P., & Deswal, S. (2013). Estimation of hand index for male industrial workers of Haryana State (India). International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology, 5(1), 55-65.
20 Khatri, J. K., & Kumar, J. Soft computing technique for product design suggestion in smart manufacturing industry.
21 Vyavahare, R. T., & Kallurkar, S. (2012). Anthropometric and strength data of Indian agricultural workers for equipment design: a review. Agricultural Engineering International: CIGR Journal, 14(4), 102-114.
22 Bailey, C., Pemmaraju, K., Phan, M., Radhakrishnan, A., & Thomas, A. Plasma-assisted hand sterilization and disinfection.
23 Ng, P. K., Saptari, A., & Fauzi, A. M. Hand Anthropometry: A Descriptive Analysis on Elderly Malaysians.
1 Google Scholar 
2 CiteSeerX 
3 refSeek 
4 Scribd 
5 SlideShare 
6 PdfSR 
1 B. Mebarki and B.T. Davies. “Anthropometry of Algerian Woman”. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 33(12): 1537-1547, 1990.
2 W.G. Lewis and C.V. Narayan. “Design and sizing of ergonomic handles for hand tools”. Applied Ergonomics 24: 351-356, 1993.
3 W.E. Botha and R.S. Bridger. “Anthropometric variability, equipment, usability and musculoskeletal pain in a group of nurses in the Western Cape”. International Journal of Applied Ergonomics 29(6): 481-490, 1998.
4 P. Chandna, S. Deswal and A.Chandra. “An Anthropometric Survey of Industrial Workers of the Northern Region of India” International Journal of Industrial and Systems Engineering 6(1): 110-128, 2010.
5 G.C. Marks, J.P. Habicht and W.H. Mueller. “Reliability, dependability and precision of anthropometric measurement”. American Journal of Epidemiology 130(3): 578-587, 1989.
6 B. Buchholz and T.J. Armstrong. “An ellipsoidal representation of human hand anthropometry”. Human Factors 33: 429-441, 1991.
7 K.N. An, E.Y. Chao, W.P. Cooney and R.L. Linscheid. “Normative model of human hand for biomechanical analysis”. Journal of Biomechanics 12: 775-788, 1979.
8 B. Buchholz, T.J. Armstrong and S.A. Goldstein. “Anthropometric data for describing the kinematics of human hand”. Ergonomics 35: 261-273, 1992.
9 O.O. Okunribido and K.A. Olajire. “A survey of hand anthropometry of female rural workers in Ibadan, Western Nigeria”. Ergonomics 11: 2-6, 1999.
10 M.H. Yun. “Designing for diversity”. In Proceedings of the human factors and ergonomics society. 37th Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, 1993.
11 C. Frannson and J. Winkel. “Hand strength: the influence of grip spans and grip type”. Ergonomics 34: 881-892, 1991.
12 J.R. Blackwell, K.W. Kornatz and E.M. Heath. “Effect of grip span on maximal grip force and fatigue of flexor digitorum superficial”. Applied Ergonomics 30: 401-405, 1999.
13 C.B. Irwin and R.G. Radwin. “A new method for estimating hand internal loads from external force measurements”. Ergonomics 51(2): 156-167, 2008.
14 S.N. Imrhan and K. Farahmand. “Male torque strength in simulated oil rig tasks and the effects of grease-smeared gloves and handle length, diameter and orientation”. Applied Ergonomics 30(5): 455-462, 1999.
15 K.A. Grant, D.J. Habes and L.L. Steward. “An analysis of hand designs for reducing manual effort: The influence of grip diameter”. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 10(3): 199-206, 1992.
16 M. Eksioglu, J.E. Fernandez and J.M. Twomey. “Predicting peak pinch strength: artificial neural networks vs. regression”. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 18: 431-441, 2004.
17 N.A. Snow and T.J. Newby. “Ergonomically designed job aids”. Performance and Instructional Journal 28: 26-30, 1984.
18 A. Chandra, P. Chandna, S. Deswal and R. Kumar. “Ergonomics in the Office Environment: A review”. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy and Environment. Chandigarh, Haryana, India, 2009.
19 L. Claudon. “Ergonomics hand tools design: Interview of users. Ergonomics and safety for global business quality and productivity”. In Proceeding of the second international conference ERGON-AXIA 2000. Warsaw, Poland. Central Institute for Labour Protection; Warsaw. (2000),
20 P. Loslever and A. Ranaivosoa. “Biomechanical and epideminological investigation of carpal tunnel syndrome at work-places with high risk factors”. Ergonomics 36(5): 537-555, 1993.
21 S.N. Imrhan, M. Nguyen and N. Nguyen. “Hand anthropometry of Americans of Vietnamese origin”. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 12: 281-287, 1993.
22 J.D.A. Abeysekera and H. Shahnavaz. “Body size variability between people in developed and developing countries and its impact on the use of imported goods”. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 4: 139-149, 1989.
23 O. Okunribido. “A survey of hand anthropometry female rural farm workers in Ibadan, Western Nigeria”. Ergonomics 43: 282-292, 2000.
24 S.K. Kar, S. Ghosh, I. Manna, S. Banerjee and P. Dhara. “An investigation of hand anthropometry of agricultural workers”. Journal of Human Ergology 14(1): 57-62, 2003.
25 L.T. Gite and B. G. Yadav. “Anthropometric survey for agricultural machinery design: An Indian Case Study”. Applied Ergonomics 20: 191-196, 1989.
26 A. Nag, P.K. Nag and H. Desai. “Hand anthropometry of Indian women”. Indian Journal Medical Research 117: 260-269, 2003.
27 S.N. Imrhan and M.G. Contreras. “Hand anthropometry in a sample of Mexicans in the US- Mexico border region”. In Proceedings of the XIX annual Occupational ergonomics and safety conference, Las Vegas, NV: 589-593, 2005.
28 N. Mandahawi, S. Imrhan, S. Al-Shobaki and B. Sarder. “Hand anthropometry survey for the Jordanian population”. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 38: 966-976, 2008.
29 S.N. Imrhan, M.D. Sarder and N. Mandaharu. “Hand anthropometry in Bangladeshis living in America and comparisons with other populations”. Ergonomics 52: 987-998, 2009.
30 A. Chandra, P. Chandna and S. Deswal. “Hand Anthropometric Survey of Male Industrial Workers of Haryana State (India)”. International Journal of Industrial and Systems Engineering (In Press 2011).
31 B.T. Davies. “Female hand dimensions and guarding of machines”. Ergonomics 23(1): 79-84, 1980.
32 A.J. Courtney and M.K. Ng. “Hong Kong female hand dimensions and machine guarding”. Ergonomics 27(2): 187-193, 1984.
33 H. Kemper and J. Pieters. “Comparative study of anthropometric measurements of the same subjects in two different institutes”. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 40: 340-344, 1974.
34 E. Panchon, R. Lobato, F. Sanchez and A. Panchon. “Index for quality control in anthropometric surveys”. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 34: 479-482, 2004.
35 S. Pheasant. “Bodyspace: Anthropometry, Ergonomics and the Design of Work”, Taylor & Francis, (1998).
36 L.G. Martin and B.J. Soldo. “Racial and Ethnic Differences in the Health of Older Americans”, National Academy Press, Washington, DC, 285-296, 1997.
Associate Professor Arunesh Chandra
Krishna Institue of Engineering & Technology - India
Dr. Suinder Deswal
National Institute of Technology, Kurushetra - India
Dr. Pankaj Chandna
National Institute of Technology, Kurushetra - India