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Computationally Efficient Methods for Sonar Image Denoising using Fractional Mask
Rithu James, Supriya M H
Pages - 249 - 258     |    Revised - 31-10-2016     |    Published - 01-12-2016
Volume - 10   Issue - 5    |    Publication Date - December 2016  Table of Contents
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KEYWORDS
Speckle, Fractional Order, Heterogeneous, Patches, Homogeneity.
ABSTRACT
Sonar images produced due to the coherent nature of scattering phenomenon inherit a multiplicative component called speckle and contain almost homogeneous as well as textured regions with relatively rare edges. Speckle removal is a pre-processing step required in applications like the detection and classification of objects in the sonar image. In this paper computationally efficient Fractional Integral Mask algorithms to remove the speckle noise from sonar images is proposed. Riemann- Liouville definition of fractional calculus is used to create Fractional integral masks in eight directions. The use of a mask incorporated with the significant coefficients from the eight directional masks and a single convolution operation required in such case helps in obtaining the computational efficiency. The sonar image heterogeneous patch classification is based on a new proposed naive homogeneity index which depends on the texture strength of the patches and despeckling filters can be adjusted to these patches. The application of the mask convolution only to the selected patches again reduce the computational complexity. The non-homomorphic approach used in the proposed method avoids the undesired bias occurring in the traditional homomorphic approach. Experiments show that the mask size required directly depends on the fractional order. Mask size can be reduced for lower fractional orders thus ensuring the computation complexity reduction for lower orders. Experimental results substantiate the effectiveness of the despeckling method. The different non reference image performance evaluation criterion are used to evaluate the proposed method.
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Mrs. Rithu James
CUSAT - India
rithujames@gmail.com
Dr. Supriya M H
CUSAT - India