Home   >   CSC-OpenAccess Library   >    Manuscript Information
Full Text Available

This is an Open Access publication published under CSC-OpenAccess Policy.
Publications from CSC-OpenAccess Library are being accessed from over 74 countries worldwide.
Applications of Image Processing and Real-Time embedded Systems in Autonomous Cars: A Short Review
Vidya Viswanathan, Rania Hussein
Pages - 35 - 49     |    Revised - 01-03-2017     |    Published - 01-04-2017
Volume - 11   Issue - 2    |    Publication Date - April 2017  Table of Contents
Image Processing, Hough Transform, Canny Edge, Open CV, Polygonal Approximation, Computer Vision.
As many of the latest technologists have predicted, Self-driving autonomous cars are going to be the future in the transportation sector. Many of the billion dollar companies including Google, Uber, Apple, NVIDIA, and Tesla are pioneering in this field to invent fully autonomous vehicles. This paper presents a literature review on some of the important segments in an autonomous vehicle development arena which touches real time embedded systems applications. This paper surveyed research papers on the technologies used in autonomous vehicles which includes lane detection, traffic signal identification, and speed bump detection. The paper focuses on the significance of image processing and real time embedded systems in driving the automotive industry towards autonomy and high security pathways.
1 Google Scholar 
2 CiteSeerX 
3 refSeek 
4 BibSonomy 
5 Scribd 
6 SlideShare 
7 PdfSR 
1 X.Li, Q.Wu, Y.Kou, L.Hou, H.Yang, "Lane Detection Based on Spiking Neural Network and Hough Transform" 2015 8th International Congress on Image and Signal Processing (CISP 2015)
2 Y. Yuan, G. L. Zhang, "Improved Median Filtering Method," Journal of Chengdu University of Technology,Vol. 31, pp.126-129,2013
3 Canny J, "A Computational Approach To Edge Detection", IEEE Trans. Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 8(6):679-698, 1986
4 Q. Wang, "An Improved Lane Detection Algorithm Based on Hough Transform," Computer and Digital Engineering,Vol. 42, pp.2164- 2167,2014.
5 Z. L. Jin, G. M. Hu, H. J. Zhang, G. H. Man, "Lane Detection Method Based on Optimal Threshold and Hough Transform," Instrumentation and Measurement,Vol. 28, pp.88- 91,2009.
6 J. Guo, Z. H. Wei, D. Q. Miao, "Lane Detection Method Based on Improved RANSAC Algorithm," 2015 IEEE Twelfth International Symposium on Autonomous Decentralized Systems,pp.285-288,2015
7 J. R. Cai, J. W. Zhao, "Camera Calibration of Binocular Stereo Vision System," Journal of Jiangsu University,Vol. 27, pp.6-9,2006.
8 A. Salhi, B. Minaoui and M. Fakir, "Robust Automatic Traffic Signs Detection using fast polygonal approximation of digital curves", Multimedia Computing and Systems (ICMCS), 2014 International Conference on, Marrakech, 2014, pp. 433-437.
9 Urs Ramer, "An iterative procedure for the polygonal approximation of plane curves", Computer Graphics and Image Processing, 1(3), 244-256 (1972).
10 Dataset "The German Traffic Sign Detection Benchmark", http://benchmark.ini.rub.del? section=gtsdb&subsection=dataset 2013.
11 W. Devapriya, C. N. K. Babu and T. Srihari, "Advance Driver Assistance System (ADAS) - Speed bump detection," 2015 IEEE International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Computing Research (ICCIC), Madurai, 2015, pp. 1-6.
12 M.Jain, A.P.Singh, S.Bali, S.Kaul, "Speed-Breaker EarlyWarning System".
13 B.R, N.Vankadhara, B.Raman and P.Kulkarni, " Traffic and road condition estimation using smartphone sensors" in Communication Systems and Networks (COMSNETS), 2012 Fourth International Conference on (jan. 2012), pp. 1 -6.
14 M.P, P.V. and R.R.; Nericell: rich monitoring of road and traffic conditions using mobile smartphones. In: 6th ACM conference on Embedded network sensor systems, SenSys '08, pp 323- 336. ACM, New York, NY, USA (2008).
15 Dr. A.Danti, J.Y. Kulkarni, Dr. P.S.Hiremath , "A Technique for Bump Detection in Indian Road Images Using Color Segmentation and Knowledge Base Object Detection", International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 4, Issue 8, August 2013 ISSN 2229-5518.
16 M.A, S.G, Z.R, K.G, And S.L, " Real time pothole detection using android smartphones with accelerometers" Distributed Computing in Sensor Systems and Workshops, International Conference on (2011), 1-6.
17 K.Ganesan, R.Natesan, A.Raj, N.Sekar , "An Image Processing Approach to Detect Obstacles on Road," SAE Technical Paper 2015.
18 V. P. Tonde, A.Jadhav, S.Shinde, A.Dhoka, S.Bablade " Road Quality and Ghats Complexity analysis using Android sensors" International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering Vol. 4, Issue 3, March 2015.
19 A. Munir and F. Koushanfar, "Design and performance analysis of secure and dependable cybercars: A steer-by-wire case study," 2016 13th IEEE Annual Consumer Communications & Networking Conference (CCNC), Las Vegas, NV, 2016, pp. 1066-1073.
20 S. Checkoway, D. McCoy, B. Kantor, D. Anderson, H. Shacham, S. Savage, K. Koscher, A. Czeskis, F. Roesner, and T. Kohno, "Comprehensive Experimental Analyses of Automotive Attack Surfaces," in Proc. of the 20th USENIX conference on Security (SEC), August 2011.
21 M. L. Chavez, C. H. Rosete, and F. R. Henr'?quez, "Achieving Confidentiality Security Service for CAN," in Proc. of IEEE International Conference on Electronics, Communications, and Computers (CONIELECOMP), March 2005.
22 M. L. Chavez, C. H. Rosete, and F. R. Henr'?quez, "Achieving Confidentiality Security Service for CAN," in Proc. of IEEE International Conference on Electronics, Communications, and Computers (CONIELECOMP), March 2005.
23 M. Baleani, A. Ferrari, L. Mangeruca, A. Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, M. Peri, and S. Pezzini, "Fault-Tolerant Platforms for Automotive Safety-Critical Applications," in Proc. of ACM CASES, October-November 2003.
24 H. Schweppe, T. Gendrullis, M. S. Idress, Y. Roudier, B. Weyl, and M. Wolf, "Securing Car2X Applications with Effective Hardware- Software Co-Design for Vehicular On-Board Networks," in Proc. Of Joint VDI/VW Automotive Security Conference, Berlin, Germany, October 2011.
25 A Rezaei, "An introduction to CAN (HEV Enterprise)", CAN Tutorials.
26 M Bojarski "End to End Learning for Self-Driving Cars" https://arxiv.org > cs, 2016.
Mrs. Vidya Viswanathan
Tata Consultancy Services - United States of America
Dr. Rania Hussein
University of Washington, Bothell - United States of America