Home   >   CSC-OpenAccess Library   >    Manuscript Information
Full Text Available

This is an Open Access publication published under CSC-OpenAccess Policy.
Publications from CSC-OpenAccess Library are being accessed from over 74 countries worldwide.
Thermal Storage Comparison for Variable Basement Kinds of a Solar Chimney Prototype in Baghdad - Iraq Weathers
Miqdam T. Chaichan, Hussein A Kazem
Pages - 12 - 20     |    Revised - 01-05-2011     |    Published - 31-05-2011
Volume - 2   Issue - 2    |    Publication Date - May / June 2011  Table of Contents
Solar Chimney, Basement Effect, Storage Efficiency, Concrete, Pebbles
A solar updraft tower power plant ‘solar tower’ is a solar thermal power plant utilizing a combination of solar air collector and central updraft tube to generate an induced convective flow which drives pressure staged turbines to generate electricity. The issue of this paper is to present practical results of prototype of a solar chimney with thermal mass, where the glass surface is replaced by transparence plastic cover. The study focused on chimney\'s basements kind effect on collected air temperatures. Three basements were used, concrete, black concrete and black pebbles basements. The study was conducted in Baghdad from August to November 2010. The results show that the best chimney efficiency attained was 49.7% for pebbles base. The highest collected air temperature reached was 49ºC when using the black pebbles basement also. Also, the maximum basement temperature measured was 59ºC for black pebbles. High increments in collected air temperatures were achieved compared to ambient air temperatures for the three basements kind. The highest temperature difference reached was 22ºC with the pebble ground.
CITED BY (8)  
1 Chaichan, M. T., Al-Hamdani, A. H., & Kasem, A. M. Enhancing a Trombe wall charging and discharg-ing processes by adding nano-Al2O3 to phase change materials.
2 Al-Douri, Y., & Abed, F. M. (2016). Solar energy status in Iraq: Abundant or not—Steps forward. Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 8(2), 025905.
3 Esmeralda, A. B. (2015). Development of a Fish Solar Dehydrator. IAMURE International Journal of Mathematics, Engineering & Technology, 11, 172.
4 Chaichan, M. T., Kazem, H. A., Kazem, A. A., Abaas, K. I., & Al-Asadi, K. A. The effect of environmental conditions on con-centrated solar system in desertic weathers.
5 Kazem, A. A., Chaichan, M. T., & Kazem, H. A. (2014). Dust effect on photovoltaic utilization in Iraq: Review article. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 37, 734-749.
6 Abed, F. M., Al-Douri, Y., & Al-Shahery, G. M. (2014). Review on the energy and renewable energy status in Iraq: The outlooks. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 39, 816-827.
7 Ali, M. H. (2013). Analysis Study of Solar Tower Power Plant & Its Configuration Effects on Its Performance in Iraq (Baghdad City). Modern Applied Science, 7(4), p55.
8 Kazem, H. A., & Chaichan, M. T. (2012). Status and future prospects of renewable energy in Iraq. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16(8), 6007-6012.
1 Google Scholar 
2 CiteSeerX 
3 refSeek 
4 Scribd 
5 SlideShare 
6 PdfSR 
1 Lovegrove K and Dennis M. "Solar thermal energy systems in Australia", International journal of environmental studies, Vol.63, No. 6, pp: 791-802, 2006.
2 Xinping Z, Yang J and Hou G. "Experimental study of temperature field in a solar chimney power setup", Applied Thermal Engineering journal, vol. 27, pp: 2044-2050, 2007.
3 Bilgen E and Rheault J. "Solar chimney power plant for high latitudes", Solar Energy journal,Vol. 79, pp: 449-458, 2005.
4 Onyango F N and Ochieng R M. "The potential of solar chimney for application in rural areas of developing countries", Fuel journal, vol. 85, pp:2561-2566, 2006.
5 Pretorius J P and Kroger D G. "Critical evaluation of solar chimney power plant performance",Solar Energy journal, vol. 80, pp: 535-544, 2005.
6 Günther H. "In hundert Jahren – Die künftige Energieversorgung der Welt”, Kosmos,Gesellschaft der Naturfreunde, Franckh'sche Verlagshandlung, Stuttgart, 1931.
7 Khedari J, Boonsri B and Hirunlabh J. "Ventilation impact of a solar chimney on indoor temperature fluctuation and air change in a school building", Energy and Buildings journal,vol. 32, pp: 89-93, 1999.
8 Ong, K.S. and C.C. Chow. "Performance of solar chimney", Solar energy, vol. 74, pp: 1-17,2003.
9 Koonsrisuk A and Chitsomboon T. "Effect of tower area on the potential of solar tower", The 2nd joint international conference on "sustainable energy and environment (SEE2006)", 21-23 Nov, Bangkok, Thailand, 2006.
10 Haase M and Amato A. "Development of double –skin façade system that combines airflow windows with solar chimney", The 2005 world sustainable building conference, Tokyo, 27-29 September 2005.
11 Shyia A K. "Parametric study of solar chimney performance", M.Sc. thesis, University of ALMustansiriya,2002.
12 Schlaivh J, Bergermann R, Schiel W and Wienrebe G. "Design of commercial solar updraft tower systems-utilization of solar induced convective flows for power generation", Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, vol. 127, pp: 117-124, 2005.
13 Direcksataporn B. "Potential study of solar chimney power plant in northeastern region of Thailand", Technology and innovation for sustainable development conference, Faculty of engineering, Khon Kaen University, Thailand, 28-29 January, 2008.
14 Xinping Z, Yang J and Hou G. "Simulation a pilot solar chimney thermal power generating equipment", Renewable Energy journal, vol. 32, pp: 1637- 1644, 2006.
15 Hirunrabh J, Kongduang W, Namprakai P and Khendari J. "Study of Natural ventilation of houses by a metallic solar wall under tropical climate", Renewable Energy journal, Vol. 18,pp: 109-119, 1999.
16 McQuiston F C, Parker J D and Spitlr J D. "Heating, ventilating and air conditioning –analysis and design", John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
17 Bansal N K, Mathur R and Bhandari M S. "Solar chimney for enhanced stack ventilation",Building and environment journal, Vol. 28, pp: 373-377, 1993.
Dr. Miqdam T. Chaichan
- Iraq
Dr. Hussein A Kazem
- Oman