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Car-Following Parameters by Means of Cellular Automata in the Case of Evacuation
Kohei Arai, Tri Harsono, Achmad Basuki
Pages - 28 - 38     |    Revised - 31-03-2011     |    Published - 04-04-2011
Volume - 5   Issue - 1    |    Publication Date - March / April 2011  Table of Contents
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KEYWORDS
Car-Following, Agent Drivers, Diligent Drivers, Evacuation Time, Effectiveness
ABSTRACT
This study is attention to the car-following model, an important part in the micro traffic flow. Different from Nagel–Schreckenberg’s studies in which car-following model without agent drivers and diligent ones, agent drivers and diligent ones are proposed in the car-following part in this work and lane-changing is also presented in the model. The impact of agent drivers and diligent ones under certain circumstances such as in the case of evacuation is considered. Based on simulation results, the relations between evacuation time and diligent drivers are obtained by using different amounts of agent drivers; comparison between previous (Nagel–Schreckenberg) and proposed model is also found in order to find the evacuation time. Besides, the effectiveness of reduction the evacuation time is presented for various agent drivers and diligent ones.
CITED BY (3)  
1 Arai, K., & Sentinuwo, S. R. (2012). Spontaneous-braking and lane-changing effect on traffic congestion using cellular automata model applied to the two-lane traffic. IJACSA) International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, 3(8).
2 T. Harsono and K. Arai, “Deceleration in The Micro Traffic Model and Its Application to Simulation for Evacuation from Disaster Area”, in Proceedings of The 13th Industrial Electronics Seminar 2011 (IES 2011) Electronic Engineering Polytechnic Institute of Surabaya (EEPIS), Indonesia, October 26, 2011, pp. 463- 468.
3 Tri, H., & Kohei, A. (2011). Deceleration in The Micro Traffic Model and Its Application to Simulation for Evacuation from Disaster Area.
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Dr. Kohei Arai
- Japan
arai@is.saga-u.ac.jp
Dr. Tri Harsono
- Japan
Dr. Achmad Basuki
- Japan