Home   >   CSC-OpenAccess Library   >    Manuscript Information
Automatic E-Comic Content Adaptation
Herman Tolle, Kohei Arai
Pages - 1 - 11     |    Revised - 30-11-2010     |    Published - 20-12-2010
Volume - 1   Issue - 1    |    Publication Date - December 2010  Table of Contents
e-comic, content adaptation, comic frame extraction, text extraction, mobile application
Reading digital comic on mobile phone is demanding now. Rather that create a new mobile comic content, adaptation of existing digital comic web portal is valuable. In this paper, we proposed an automatic e-comic mobile content adaptation method for automatically create mobile comic content from existing digital comic website portal. Automatic e-comic content adaptation is based on our comic frame extraction method combine with additional process to extract comic balloon and text from digital comic page. The proposed method work as a content adaptation intermediary proxy server application, while generating a Comic XML file as an input source for mobile phone to render a specific mobile comic contents. Our proposed method is an effective and efficient method for real time implementation of reading e-comic comparing to other methods. Experimental results show that our proposed method has 100% accuracy of flat comic frame extraction, 91.48% accuracy of non-flat comic frame extraction, and about 90% processing time faster than previous method.
CITED BY (35)  
1 Gaikwad, M. R., & Pardeshi, N. G. (2016). Text Extraction and Recognition Using Median Filter.
2 Mohamed, J. (2015). An improved strategy to support multiple qos assessment for selecting content adaptation services (Doctoral dissertation, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia).
3 Heyvaert, p., de nies, t., van herwegen, j., vander sande, m., verborgh, r., de neve, w., ... & van de walle, r. (2015). Using EPUB 3 and the Open Web Platform for Enhanced Presentation and Machine-Understandable Metadata for Digital Comics. ues for n the A nd Cit enness, 37.
4 Liu, X., Li, C., Zhu, H., Wong, T. T., & Xu, X. (2015). Text-aware balloon extraction from manga. The Visual Computer, 1-11.
5 Le, T. N., Luqman, M. M., Burie, J. C., & Ogier, J. M. (2015, August). Content-based comic retrieval using multilayer graph representation and frequent graph mining. In Document Analysis and Recognition (ICDAR), 2015 13th International Conference on (pp. 761-765). IEEE.
6 Li, L., Wang, Y., Suen, C. Y., Tang, Z., & Liu, D. (2015). A tree conditional random field model for panel detection in comic images. Pattern Recognition, 48(7), 2129-2140.
7 Le, T. N., Luqman, M. M., Burie, J. C., & Ogier, J. M. (2015). A Comic Retrieval System Based on Multilayer Graph Representation and Graph Mining. In Graph-Based Representations in Pattern Recognition (pp. 355-364). Springer International Publishing.
8 Wang, Y., Zhou, Y., & Tang, Z. (2015, August). Comic frame extraction via line segments combination. In Document Analysis and Recognition (ICDAR), 2015 13th International Conference on (pp. 856-860). IEEE.
9 Wang, Y., Zhou, Y., Liu, D., & Tang, Z. (2015). Comic storyboard extraction via edge segment analysis. Multimedia Tools and Applications, 1-18.
10 Ogier, J. M. (2014, September). Detecting Recurring Deformable Objects: An Approximate Graph Matching Method for Detecting Characters in Comics Books. In Graphics Recognition. Current Trends and Challenges: 10th International Workshop, GREC 2013, Bethlehem, PA, USA, August 20-21, 2013, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 8746, p. 122). Springer.
11 Li, L., Wang, Y., Tang, Z., & Gao, L. (2014). Automatic comic page segmentation based on polygon detection. Multimedia Tools and Applications, 69(1), 171-197.
12 Sabato, C., Giraudet, A., Delattre, V., Desnos, Y., Frisson, C., Giot, R., ... & Dutoit, T. (2014, January). Scenarizing CADastre Exquisse: a crossover between snoezeling in hospitals/domes, and authoring/experiencing soundful comic strips. In MultiMedia Modeling (pp. 22-33). Springer International Publishing.
13 Li, L., Wang, Y., Gao, L., Tang, Z., & Suen, C. Y. (2014, September). Comic2CEBX: A system for automatic comic content adaptation. In Digital Libraries (JCDL), 2014 IEEE/ACM Joint Conference on (pp. 299-308). IEEE.
14 Lin, B. S., & Tsai, S. T. (2014). Design Pattern Retrieval and Style Analysis for Content Creation of Comic Figures. Mathematical Problems in Engineering, 2014.
15 Ghorbel, a., ogier, j. m., & vincent, N. Text extraction from comic books.
16 Rigaud, C. (2014). Segmentation et indexation d’objets complexes dans les images de bandes déssinées.
17 Heyvaert, P. (2014). Enhanced Presentation and Machine-Understandable.
18 Ho, H. N., Rigaud, C., Burie, J. C., & Ogier, J. M. (2014). Detecting Recurring Deformable Objects: An Approximate Graph Matching Method for Detecting Characters in Comics Books. In Graphics Recognition. Current Trends and Challenges (pp. 122-134). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
19 Ranjini, S., & Sundaresan, M. (2013). Extraction and Recognition of Text From Digital English Comic Image Using Median Filter. International Journal.
20 Tolle, H., & Arai, K. (2013, September). Manga content extraction method for automatic mobile comic content creation. In Advanced Computer Science and Information Systems (ICACSIS), 2013 International Conference on (pp. 321-328). IEEE.
21 Liu, D., Wang, Y., Tang, Z., Li, L., & Gao, L. (2013, December). Automatic comic page image understanding based on edge segment analysis. In IS&T/SPIE Electronic Imaging (pp. 90210J-90210J). International Society for Optics and Photonics.
22 Ho, H. N., Rigaud, C., Burie, J. C., & Ogier, J. M. (2013). Redundant structure detection in attributed adjacency graphs for character detection in comics books. In 10th IAPR International Workshop on Graphics Recognition.
23 Li, L., Wang, Y., Tang, Z., & Liu, D. (2013, February). Comic image understanding based on polygon detection. In IS&T/SPIE Electronic Imaging (pp. 86580B-86580B). International Society for Optics and Photonics.
24 Wandani, A. D. (2013). Designing an Interactive Comic for Mobile Phones Based on User Preferences in Malaysia (Doctoral dissertation, Swinburne University of Technology).
25 Sundaresan, M., & Ranjini, S. (2012, March). Text extraction from digital english comic image using two blobs extraction method. In Pattern Recognition, Informatics and Medical Engineering (PRIME), 2012 International Conference on (pp. 449-452). IEEE.
26 Jain, E., Sheikh, Y., & Hodgins, J. (2012, August). Inferring artistic intention in comic art through viewer gaze. In Proceedings of the ACM Symposium on Applied Perception (pp. 55-62). ACM.
27 Arai, K. (2012). Method for leaning efficiency improvements based on gaze location notifications on e-learning content screen display. International Journal of Advanced Research in Artificial Intelligence, 1(3), 1-6.
28 Arai, K., & Tolle, H. (2012). E-comic content adaptation method for mobile phone devices. 2012 Spring synthesis of the Korea Contents Association Conference, 79-80.
29 Arai Kohei. (2012). Human-computer interaction and its application system based on the line of sight.
30 Raulet, j., sauvaget, c., & boyer, v. (2012, November). From Paper to Portable Devices: How to script and read comics?. In PostDigital Art-Proceedings of the 3rd Computer Art Congress (p. 59).
31 Kohei Arai. (2012). Human-computer interaction and its application system based on the line-of-sight. Image e-Journal, 41 (3), 296-301.
32 Ho, A. K. N., Burie, J. C., & Ogier, J. M. (2012, March). Panel and speech balloon extraction from comic books. In Document Analysis Systems (DAS), 2012 10th IAPR International Workshop on (pp. 424-428). IEEE.
33 Hidayat, A. Survey on Enhancement of Performance of Video Streaming over Ad Hoc Wireless Network.
34 Arai, K., & Mardiyanto, R. (2011). Eye-based human-computer interaction allowing phoning, reading e-book/e-comic/e-learning, Internet browsing and TV information extraction. International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, 2(12), 26-32.
35 Hoashi, K., Ono, C., Ishii, D., & Watanabe, H. (2011, November). Automatic preview generation of comic episodes for digitized comic search. In Proceedings of the 19th ACM international conference on Multimedia (pp. 1489-1492). ACM.
1 Google Scholar 
2 CiteSeerX 
3 refSeek 
4 Scribd 
5 SlideShare 
7 PdfSR 
Chen, Y., Ma, W.Y., Zhang, H.J.: “Detecting Web Page Structure for Adaptive Viewing on Small Form Factor Devices”. In Proceedings of the International WWW Conference Budapest, Hungary, 2003
Chung HC, Howard L., T. Komura, “Automatic Panel Extraction of Color Comic Images”, Advances in Multimedia Information Processing – PCM 2007, LNCS 4810, Springer, Berlin, 2007
D. Ishii, K. Kawamura, H. Watanabe, "A Study on a Fast Frame Decomposition of Comic Images," National Convention of IPSJ, 1P-2, March 2007
Dongsong Zhang, “Web content adaptation for mobile handheld devices”, Communications of the ACM, 50(2):75-79, February 2007
Eunjung Han, et.al. “Automatic Mobile Content Conversion Using Semantic Image Analysis”, Human-Computer Interaction HCI Intelligent Multimodal Interaction Environments, LNCS 4552, Springer, Berlin, 2007
F. Chang, C-J. Chen, and C-J. Lu. “A Linear-Time Component-Labeling Algorithm Using Contour Tracing Technique”, Computer Vision and Image Understanding, 93(2):pp. 206-220, 2004.
Hsiao J.-L., Hung H.-P., Chen M.-S., “Versatile Transcoding Proxy for Internet Content Adaptation”, IEEE Trans. on Multimedia, 10(4):646--658, June 2008.
Jason McIntosh. “ComicsML”, an essay in http://www.jmac.org, published 2005. Accessed March 2008.
Kohei, A., Tolle, H. “Method for Automatic E-Comic Scene Frame Extraction for Reading Comic on Mobile Devices”, In Proceedings of ITNG 2010 Conference, April 2010. Confirmation accepted
Laakko et al., “Adapting Web Content to Mobile User Agents”, IEEE Internet Computing, 9(2):46-53, 2005
Ono Toshihiko. “Optimizing two-dimensional guillotine cut by generic algorithms”. In Proceedings of the Ninth AJOU-FIT-NUST Joint Seminar, pages 40-47, July 1999.
R. Gonzalez and R. Woods. “Digital Image Processing”, Addison-Wesley Chap.2., Publishing Company (1992)
Tanaka, T., Shoji, K., Toyama, F. And Miyamichi, J.: “Layout Analysis of Tree-Structured Scene Frames in Comic Images”. In Proceedings of IJCAI 2007, pp. 2885-2890, June 2007.
Wai Yip Lum, Francis C.M. Lau, "A Context-Aware Decision Engine for Content Adaptation". IEEE Pervasive Computing, 1(3): 41-49, 2006
Yamada, M., Budiarto, R. and Endoo, M., “Comic image decomposition for Reading comics on cellular phones”. IEICE transaction on information and systems, E-87-D(6):1370-1376, June 2004.
Mr. Herman Tolle
Brawijaya University - Indonesia
Professor Kohei Arai
Saga University - Japan